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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rhoicissus Planch.
      1. Rhoicissus revoilii Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 3·3 m. tall with drooping branches or sometimes with sarmentose branches or more rarely a climber; young branches appressed-ferruginous-pubescent or densely fulvous- or ferruginous-pubescent or -tomentose, later glabrescent; tendrils tomentose, pubescent or glabrescent, often absent in herbarium specimens.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles up to c. 4 cm. long, indumentum as in young stems; stipules not seen; leaflet-lamina up to 12 × 6 cm., terminal leaflets narrowly lanceolate, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, laterals lanceolate, subfalcate-oblong or rhomboid, apex obtuse or acute, margins entire or slightly undulate-lobed on the lateral leaflets, sometimes revolute, base from narrowly to broadly cuneate, from thinly pubescent to glabrous above, from ferruginous- or fulvous-tomentose to glabrous below; axils of main nerves sometimes provided with domatia; petiolules up to 2 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of rather lax or moderately dense cymes, branches from appressed-ferruginous-pubescent to fulvous- or ferruginous-tomentose; peduncle up to c. 4 cm. long; pedicels c. 1 mm. long; bracts up to 2 mm. long, lanceolate to ovate, very caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely ferruginous-pubescent to fulvous- or ferruginous-tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals glabrous or with hairs near the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit ± black when ripe, 1–1·5 cm. in diam., globose, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, c. 5–7 mm. in diam., subglobose with a flattened side when seeds paired, rugose, with a shallow but distinct longitudinal furrow.
    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    In the Flora area mainly a woody climber and usually with tendrils, 1–8(–10) m. long, but also sometimes a shrub or small tree 1–6 m. tall; young branches ferruginous pubescent or tomentose with adpressed or spreading hairs, later ± glabrous; root-branches at least in some specimens with spherical tubers up to 12.5 cm. in diameter hanging by thin rootlets 2.5–7.5 cm. long and only 3 mm. diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves (2–)3-foliolate; terminal leaflet narrowly lanceolate to ovate or oblanceolate; lateral leaflets lanceolate, subfalcate, oblong or ± rhomboid; all 2–14.5 cm. long, 0.8–6(–8.5) cm. wide, acute to obtuse or retuse at the apex, narrowly to broadly cuneate at the base, entire or slightly undulate, glabrous to sparsely pubescent above, ferruginous-tomentose to glabrous beneath; domatia sometimes present in axils of main nerves; petioles 1–4 cm. long; petiolules 0.2–2 cm. long; stipules ovate-triangular, 1.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes lax or ± dense, the axes ferruginous pubescent or tomentose; peduncle 0.5–4 cm. long; pedicels 1–4 mm. long; bracts lanceolate, 0.5–2 mm. long, soon falling.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, 0.7–1 mm. long, yellowish or densely ferruginous pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow or green flushed red-purple, ovate, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, glabrous or pilose at apex.
    Fruits
    Fruits black, globose, 0.6–1.5 cm. in diameter, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–3, subglobose or flattened on one side when paired, 4.5–7 mm. in diameter, rugose and with shallow longitudinal furrow.
    Habitat
    Grassland, bushland, woodland, Juniperus, Olea, Teclea forest edges, Tarchonanthus-Juniperus associations, sometimes on river banks, also coastal bushland, etc., on coral rocks and cliffs; 0–1950(–2460 Mau) m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T6 T8 U1 U2 Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Somalia, and widespread in eastern Africa from Ethiopia and S. Sudan to E. Zaire, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Transvaal
    [FWTA]

    Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A scrambling shrub or large climber
    Exudate
    Flexible porous stems containing copious watery sap
    Flowers
    Flowers brownish
    Fruits
    Fruits black
    Ecology
    In dry types of forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Rhoicissus revoilii Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schlechter [11990] Rhoicissus schlechteri K000322753 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 469 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 440.
    • in DC. Monogr. Ampelid. 469 (1887)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 401 (1990).
    • Collenette, Fl. Saudi Arabia: 499 (1985).
    • Reekmans in Fl. Rwanda 2: 356, fig. 114.1 (1983).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 62 (1980).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 347 (1974).
    • Descoings in Fl. Madag. 124: 12, fig. 2/1–6 (1967) (very full description).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 447 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 434 (1962).
    • Willems in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 566, t. 56 (1960).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 505 (1958).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 681 (1958).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 332 (1953).
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 8: 104 (1953).
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 7: 359 (1952)
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 341 (1949).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 440 (1911).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 469 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0