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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala irregularis Boiss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara to India and Kenya, Arabian Peninsula, S. Iran to India.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Sudan, Kordofan, Abu-Gerad, Kotschy 8 (G!, holo.; BM!; BREM!; E!; K!; LD!; M!; P!; W!, iso.)
    Habit
    Shrublet or perennial herb, up to 60 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems erect, branched, appressedpubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subsessile, linear, oblanceolate to oblong-spathulate, 10–35 × 2–4 mm, obtuse or emarginate, base cuneate, appressed-pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers lilac to brown-reddish, in lax terminal racemes up to 20 cm long, rachis crispedpubescent; bracts linear, 1 mm long, glabrous, caducous; bracteoles linear, 0.7 mm long, glabrous, caducous; pedicels 2 mm, crisped-pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal ovate, 2–2.2 mm long, ciliate; wing sepals obliquelly-elliptic to ovate, 5–6.5 × 4–4.5 mm, glabrous or pubescent, persistent; anterior sepals 2 mm long, ciliate, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obovate, 3.5–4 × 2–2.2 mm; carina 4.5 × 2.2 mm; crest 0.7 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule ovate to elliptic in outline, 5–6 × 4–5 mm, asymmetrically emarginate, glabrous, winged, wing 0.5–0.8 mm wide
    Seeds
    Seeds conical, 3–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, sericeous-pubescent, with the convex base completely covered by glands; caruncle pyramidal, up to 0.2 mm long, completely covered by long hairs; appendages 0.2 mm long
    Figures
    Fig 10: 4, p 18
    Ecology
    Acacia-Commiphora bushland, bushland on dunes or white sand; 0–500 m
    Distribution
    Range: Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman Flora districts: K1 K4 K7
    [FWTA]

    Polygalaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Suffrutescent with wiry branches, 11/2-2 ft. high.
    Ecology
    In sandy places, flowering at all seasons.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Burkina, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala irregularis Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Kotschy [8], Sudan K000231543 isotype
    Jan 1, 1977 Kotschy [273], Ethiopia K000231544
    Feb 1, 1975 Hagerup, O. [577], Niger K000231578 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [198], Saudi Arabia K000592139
    Schimper, W. [861], Arabian Peninsula K000592141
    Schimper, W. [861], Arabian Peninsula K000592140
    Fischer, S. [43], Saudi Arabia K000592142
    Fischer, S. [43], Saudi Arabia K000592143

    Bibliography

    First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 8 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Chrtek, J. & Krísa, B. (1977). Flora Iranica 124: 1-11. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 605.
    • Chodat Monogr. Polygal. 392
    • F.T.A. 1: 131
    • Diag. 1: 8 (1842)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Chrtek, J. & Krísa, B. (1977). Flora Iranica 124: 1-11. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 2, 1: 187, fig. 24.5/6–8 (2000).
    • Fontqueria 50: 239, t. 45/f (1998)
    • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 1: 86 (1993)
    • Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 8 (1843)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0