Skip to main content
  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala kilimandjarica Chodat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Kenya, Teita District, Maungu, Johnston 1884 (B†, holo.; K!, lecto, BM!, isolecto.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb or shrublet up to 1.5 m tall
    Stem
    Stems spreading from a woody rootstock, branched, densely patent-pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subsessile (petiole up to 0.1 mm, patent-pubescent), elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 15–40 × 5–15 mm, rounded to obtuse or sometimes emarginate, base cuneate, pubescent on both sides
    Flowers
    Flowers pinkish, in lateral racemes 2–8(–11) cm long, rachis patent-pubescent; bracts linear, 1.2–1.5 mm long, pubescent, persistent; bracteoles linear, 1–1.3 mm long, pubescent, persistent; pedicels 4–6 mm, patent-pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keelshaped, 3.5–4 mm long, patent-pubescent; wing sepals suborbicular to obovateorbicular, 8–11 × 7–9 mm, conspicuously and densely reticulate, patent-pubescent; anterior sepals ovate-lanceolate, 3.5 mm long, patent-pubescent, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obliquely oblanceolate, 5–5.5 × 2 mm, pubescent from the waist downwards; carina 6.5–7 × 2.5 mm; crest 1–2 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule ovate-elliptic in outline, 5.5–6 × 4.5–5 mm, asymmetrically bilobate, very narrowly winged (wing ± 0.1 mm wide), densely patent-pubescent
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-ellipsoid, 4–4.5 × 0.9–2.2 mm, white-sericeous; caruncle asymmetric, with three appendages, usually two longer, sometimes almost up to as long as the length of the seed and the other one shorter (0.5–2 mm long)
    Ecology
    Acacia- Commiphora bushland, wooded and bushed grassland, woodland, scattered tree grassland, secondary bushland; 0–1500 m
    Note
    The type [Tanzania, Lushoto District: Kwa Mshusa, Handei, Holst s.n. (B†, holo.)] of P. usambarensis Gürke [in Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss.: 64 (1894); in P.O.A. C: 283 (1895); T.T.C.L.: 457 (1949); Paiva in Fontqueria 50: 312 (1998)] has disappeared and there are no duplicates. It is most likely P. kilimandjarica Chodat, which is very polymorphic and common in that area.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T3 T6 T8 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala kilimandjarica Chodat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], Tanzania K000231719 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 320 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 177 (1998).
    • T.T.C.L.: 456 (1949)
    • Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 31 (2): 320, t. 27/10 (1893)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0