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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala muratii Jacq.-Fél.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Chad to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Chad, Biltine plain, Murat 641 (P!, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial or annual herb, 30–60 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems erect or ascending, much branched from near the base, striate, 4-angled, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subsessile, linear to oblong-spathulate, 10–35 × 1–3 mm, mucronate, base cuneate, margin revolute, glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers salmon pink, reddish-pink to yellow-orange, in lax terminal or lateral racemes 10–20 cm long; rachis glabrous; bracts linear, 1–1.3 mm long, glabrous, caducous; bracteoles linear, 0.7 mm long, glabrous, caducous; pedicels 2.5–3 mm, glabrous
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal ovate, 1.5–1.8 mm long, ciliate; wing sepals obovate, 4.5–5.5 × 2.5–3 mm, with a long claw, 3-veined from the base and with anastomosing venation only near the base, glabrous, persistent; anterior sepals 1–1.3 mm long, ciliate, connate
    Corolla
    Upper petals obovate-spathulate, 4.5–5 × 2.2–2.5 mm; carina 5–5.5 × 2.5 mm; crest 1.5 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 6 fertile with 2 staminodes
    Fruits
    Capsule ovate in outline, 3.5–4 × 2.5–3 mm, deeply asymmetric-bilobate and long acuminate (acumen up to 0.8 mm), glabrous, unwinged
    Seeds
    Seeds conical, 2.5–3 × 1–1.3 mm, sericeous-pubescent, with the convex base completely covered by glands; caruncle pyramidal, up to 0.2 mm long, completely covered by hairs; appendages 0.2 mm long.
    Ecology
    Grassland, seepage grassland, thin soil over rock; 200–2000 m
    Note
    P. muratii, P. conosperma ( P. liniflora) and P. amboniensis have been mixed up and were usually determined as P. liniflora. The capsule of P. conosperma is slightly asymmetric-bilobate, while the other two species have the capsule strongly asymmetric-bilobate; its caruncle is kidney-shaped and almost glabrous and the seed is obovoid-ellipsoid, while P. muratii and P. amboniensis have the caruncle pyramidal and completely covered by hairs and the seeds conical. The latter two species are distinct in their habitat, as P. amboniensis occurs in lowlands not too far from the coast [0–100(–850) m] and P. muratii at higher altitudes (200–2000 m); and by the wing sepals, which are early caducous in the former, but persistent in the latter. There is another species in the area of this Flora with conical seeds and pyramidal caruncle: P. irregularis, but this one has the anterior sepals free, while the other two have the anterior sepals connate.
    Distribution
    Range: Chad, Sudan and Ethiopia Flora districts: U1 K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T5 T6

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda

    Other Data

    Polygala muratii Jacq.-Fél. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [6344], Tanzania K000468081

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 99: 66 (1952)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 2, 1: 187, fig. 24.5/1–5 (2000).
    • Fontqueria 50: 239 (1998)
    • Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 99: 66/1 (1952)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0