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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala myriantha Chodat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to SW. Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Cameroon, Ledermann 1797 (B†, syn.); ibidem, Ledermann 15732 (B†, syn.); ibidem, Ledermann 16011 (B†, syn.)
    Habit
    Annual herb, 15–50 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems slender, often branched from near the base, crisped-pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, linear, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, 7–40 × 1–7 mm, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely pubescent to glabrous; petiole 0.5–1 mm, glabrous or slightly pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers mauve or lilac (drying yellowish-white), in elongated terminal or lateral racemes 3–14 cm long; rachis crisped-pubescent to almost glabrous; bracts linear-lanceolate, 1–1.8 mm long, ciliolate, caducous; bracteoles linear, 0.7–1 mm long, ciliolate, caducous; pedicels 0.5–1 mm, crisped-pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal linear, 1.7–2 mm long, with an acute and recurved apex, sparsely crisped-pubescent, ciliolate; wing sepals narrowly elliptic to elliptic, 2.5–3 × 1–1.2 mm, ciliolate; anterior sepals linear, 1–1.3 mm long, ciliolate, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obliquely oblong-obovate, 1–1.5 × 0.5–0.8 mm; carina (1–)1.5–1.8 mm long; crest 0.8–1 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong-obovate in outline, 1.5–2 × 1–1.2 mm, margin very narrowly winged, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seeds cylindric, (1.2–)1.5–2 × 0.5–0.6 mm, with very short ± appressed hairs; caruncle ± conical, 0.2–0.3 mm long, with very short appendages
    Figures
    Fig 4: 4, p 10
    Ecology
    Grassland, Brachystegia and secondary woodland; 850–1650 m
    Distribution
    Range: Tropical Africa from Nigeria to Ethiopia and S to Angola and Zimbabwe Flora districts: U4 K3 T4 T7 T8
    [FWTA]

    Polygalaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Annual herb
    Flowers
    Flowers mauve.
    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual herb up to 40 cm. tall usually branched from near the base with slender crisped-pubescent stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 7–30 x 1–3 mm., linear to lorate or linear-elliptic, sparsely pubescent or glabrous, mucronate at the apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers mauve or lilac (usually drying yellowish-white), pedicels 0.5–1 mm. long, in elongated, terminal racemes up to 12 cm. long with crisped-pubescent or almost glabrous rhachis and caducous bracts 1.8 mm. long and bracteoles 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 2 x 0.8 mm.; wing sepals 3 x 1.2 mm., obliquely, narrowly obovate, marginally ciliolate; anterior sepals 1–1.2 mm. long, free.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 1 x 0.8 mm., irregularly and obliquely oblong-ovate; carina 1.8 x 0.8 mm., crest 0.8 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2 x 1.2 mm., obovate-oblong in outline, margin very narrowly winged.
    Seeds
    Seed 1.5 x 0.6 mm., cylindric, with very short appressed hairs; caruncle c. 0.3 mm. long with very short appendages.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala myriantha Chodat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9444], Cameroon K000198253
    Dec 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [876], Cameroon K000198254
    Dec 1, 2000 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8456], Cameroon K000198255

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 321 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Exell & Mendonca in Consp. Fl. Ang. 1: 96.
    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 48: 321 (1912)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 2, 1: 188 (2000).
    • Fontqueria 50: 165, t. 28/b (1998)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 55 (1994)
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 327, t. 57/12 (1960)
    • F.C.B. 7: 267, fig. 7, H (1958)
    • E.J. 48: 321 (1912)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0