Skip to main content
  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala nambalensis Gürke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Chad to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual herb 0.5–2 m. tall with slender, wiry, green, minutely appressed-pubescent or glabrous stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 10–20 x 0.5–1 mm., linear with needle-like points and incurved margins, sparsely pubescent or glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale blue or yellowish, pedicels 1.5–2 mm. long, in elongated, one-sided terminal racemes up to 25 cm. long with glabrous or nearly glabrous rhachis and persistent bracts and bracteoles 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 3.5 mm. long; wing sepals 6–7 x 4–4.5 mm., obliquely broadly elliptic, glabrous except for the occasional presence of a few hairs towards the base; anterior sepals 3 mm. long, free.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 5 x 3.5 mm., obliquely ovate-lanceolate, notched at one side; carina 8 x 3 mm., slightly exceeding the wings at maturity, crest 4.5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Fruits
    Capsule 6 x 2.5–3 mm. narrowly elliptic in outline, ciliate on the margin, marginal wing extremely narrow.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 x 1.2 mm., shortly cylindric, nearly 2 mm. of the length consisting of a caruncle large in relation to the size of the seed and without appendages.
    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Angola, Bié, R. Cuchi, Baum 871 (B†, holo.; BM!, lecto.; COI!, K!, isolecto.)
    Habit
    Annual herb, 40–200 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems slender, simple or few-branched, appressedpubescent to glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (petiole 0.5 mm), linear to linear-lanceolate, (8–)20–80 × 0.3–2 mm, pointed, base cuneate, revolute, sparsely pubescent to glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish or pale blue, in many-flowered, simple or few-branched, one-sided terminal racemes up to 25 cm long, rachis densely patentpubescent to glabrous; bracts linear-lanceolate, 1.7–2 mm long, persistent; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 1.2–1.5 mm long, persistent; pedicels 1.5–2.5(–4) mm, pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keel-shaped, (2.5–)3–4 × (0.7–)1–1.5 mm, glabrous; wing sepals obliquely broadly elliptic, (5.5–)6–7 × 4–4.5 mm, glabrous, occasionally a few hairs towards the base; anterior sepals keel-shaped, 2–3 × 1–1.8 mm, glabrous, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obliquely ovate-lanceolate, 5–6 × 3.5–4 mm, notched at one side; carina 7–8 mm long; crest 3.5–5 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong-obovate in outline, 4–6 × (2–)2.5–3 mm, very narrowly winged, ciliate
    Seeds
    Seeds cylindric, 2.7–4 × 1.25 mm, with white silky hairs, 1–1.3 mm long; caruncle conical, much longer than wide, 1–1.5 mm long, without membranous appendages.
    Ecology
    Brachystegia woodland; ± 1800 m
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasha, Angola, Zambia Flora districts: T4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Chad, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala nambalensis Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Kassner [2662], Congo K000231568 isotype
    Jan 1, 1977 Baum, H. [871], Angola K000231695 isolectotype
    Dec 1, 1974 Carson, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000231696
    Bidgood, S. [5349], Tanzania K000190579

    Bibliography

    First published in O.Warburg (ed.), Kunene-Sambesi Exped.: 276 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 208 (1998).
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 325, t. 56/11 (1960)
    • F.C.B. 7: 258, t. 7/F (1958)
    • Warb. Kunene-Samb.-Exped. Baum: 276 (1903)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0