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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala nyikensis Exell

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Malawi, Nyika Plateau, Benson 1392 (BM!, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial, prostrate herb
    Stem
    Stems spreading from a woody rootstock, 5–20 cm long, branched, crisped-pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (petiole 0.5–1 mm), narrowly oblong-elliptic, 5–25 × 2–6 mm, obtuse to acute and mucronulate, base cuneate, ± pubescent when young but soon becoming glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers pale mauve or magenta, in somewhat congested terminal racemes 2–5 cm long; bracts lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm long, subacute, persistent; bracteoles lanceolate, 1.2–1.8(–2) mm long, persistent; pedicels 3–5 mm, slender
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 3–3.5 × 1.2–1.5 mm; wing sepals obliquely elliptic, 6–7 × 4.5–5 mm, glabrous; anterior sepals keel-shaped, 2.5 × 1.5 mm, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals broadly falcate, 4.5–5.5 × 1.5–2.5 mm; carina 6–6.5 mm long; crest 2.5 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule suborbicular in outline, 5.5–6 × 4.5–5 mm, narrowly winged (wing 0.2 mm wide), slightly pubescent
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, 3–3.5 × 1.2–1.5 mm, white sericeous; caruncle symmetric, kidney-shaped, with three short appendages 0.7 mm long
    Ecology
    Upland grassland; no altitude given (elsewhere 1300–2500 m)
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia and Malawi Flora districts: T7
    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Perennial with short, crisped-pubescent stems, 6–14 cm. tall, produced annually from a woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–22 x 2–6 mm., very narrowly to narrowly elliptic-oblong, somewhat pubescent when young but soon becoming glabrous, apex obtuse to acute, mucronulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers magenta or pale mauve, pedicels up to 5 mm. long, in short, somewhat congested, terminal racemes 2–5 cm. long, bracts and bracteoles 1.5–2 mm. long, persistent.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 3 mm. long; wing sepals 6–7 x 4.5–5 mm., obliquely elliptic, glabrous; anterior sepals 2.5 mm. long, free.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 5.5 x 3 mm., broadly falcate; carina 6 x 3 mm., crest 2.5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1.5 x 1.2 mm., obovate in outline, style 5.5–6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 5.5 x 4.5 mm., suborbicular, slightly pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seed 3 x 1.5 mm., ellipsoid, sericeous; caruncular appendages 0.7 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Other Data

    Polygala nyikensis Exell appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 11, 2003 Brummitt, R.K. [16233], Malawi K000286029
    Jan 1, 1977 Robinson, E.A. [6252], Malawi K000286032
    Jan 1, 1977 Fanshawe, D.B. [7239], Zambia K000286036
    Jan 1, 1977 Lawton, R.M. [1292], Zambia K000286039
    Jan 1, 1977 Richards, H.M. [10500], Malawi K000286033
    Jan 1, 1977 Pawek, J. [2790], Malawi K000286031
    Jan 1, 1977 Mgaza, C.D. [521], Tanzania K000286040
    Jan 1, 1977 Salubeni, A.J. [359], Malawi K000286034
    Jan 1, 1977 HMNL [52], Zambia K000286037
    Jan 1, 1977 HMNL [68], Zambia K000286038
    Jan 1, 1977 Irvine, L.D. [201], Malawi K000286030
    Jan 1, 1975 Robson, N.K.B. [183], Zambia K000286035

    Bibliography

    First published in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 31: 10 (1957)

    Accepted by

    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 204, t. 39/a (1998).
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 317 (1960)
    • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 31: 10 (1957)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0