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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala ohlendorfiana Eckl. & Zeyh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Perennial with slender crisped-pubescent and sparsely pilose, prostrate or sprawling stems, 6–20 cm. long from a woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–15 x 3–9 mm., ovate to suborbicular or elliptic to broadly elliptic, obtuse to rounded at the apex, rounded or obtuse to very slightly cordate at the base, pilose or crisped-pubescent especially on the margins and midrib.
    Flowers
    Flowers purple or pink sometimes streaked with yellow, with slender pedicels up to 5 mm. long, in few-flowered, terminal racemes 1.5–5 cm. long; bracts and bracteoles about 1 mm. long, persistent.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 2.5 mm. long, keel-shaped, wing sepals 5–7 x 3.5–4.5 mm., obliquely broadly elliptic, glabrous; anterior sepals 2 mm. long, free, keel-shaped.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 3.5 x 2 mm., obovate-spathulate; carina 4 x 2.8 mm., crest 1.5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4.5 x4 mm., suborbicular in outline, with a narrowly winged margin 0.5 mm. broad.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 x 1.5 mm., broadly ovoid, sericeous-pubescent; caruncular appendages 0.8 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Orange Mts, Winterberg, Ecklon & Zeyher s.n. (M!, lecto.; BREM!, CGE!, E!, K!, LD!, OXF!, W!, isolecto.)
    Habit
    Perennial, prostrate herb
    Stem
    Stems sprawling and spreading from a woody rootstock, 5–20 cm long, branched, crisped-pubescent and sparsely pilose
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (petiole 0.5–1.5 mm, pubescent), ovate, ovatelanceolate to suborbicular, 5–18 × 3–14 mm, obtuse, rounded to subacute and mucronulate, rounded or obtuse to very slightly cordate, pilose or crispedpubescent, mainly on the margins and midrib
    Flowers
    Flowers purple, dark magenta-red or pink, in few-flowered terminal racemes 1.5–5 cm long; bracts lanceolate-linear, 1–1.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent, persistent; bracteoles lanceolate-linear, 0.7–1 mm long, sparsely pubescent, persistent; pedicels 3–5 mm, slender, pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 2.5–2.7 × 1.2 mm, sparsely pubescent; wing sepals obliquely broadly-elliptic, 5–7  × 3.5–4.5 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on the midrib and often ciliate; anterior sepals keel-shaped, 2–2.2 × 1 mm, pubescent, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obovate-spathulate, 3.5–3.8 × 1.5–2 mm; carina 4–4.5 mm long; crest 2.7 mm long, fimbriate, crest 1.5 mm long
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule suborbicular in outline, 4–4.5 × 4 mm, narrowly winged (wing 0.2–0.5 mm wide), slightly pubescent and ciliate
    Seeds
    Seeds broadly ovoid, 2–2.8 × 1.5–1.8 mm, white sericeouspubescent; caruncle strongly asymmetric, comma-shaped, with three appendages 0.8–1 mm long
    Figures
    Fig 7: 5, p 14
    Ecology
    Upland grassland, burnt grassland; 1800–2750 m
    Note
    The material from Kenya [ Jex-Blake B1259 (K)] consists of a very bad specimen, but looks like P. ohlendorfiana, which extends the distribution of this species.
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa Flora districts: K3 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala ohlendorfiana Eckl. & Zeyh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Ecklon [170], South Africa K000231811
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000231812
    Cooper, T. [924], South Africa K000231810
    Hutton [s.n.], South Africa K000231808
    Macowna, P. [666], South Africa K000231809

    Bibliography

    First published in Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 22 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 209, t. 39/l (1998).
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 56 (1994)
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 317 (1960)
    • Enum. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 22 (1834)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0