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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala ruwenzoriensis Chodat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central Tropical Africa to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Uganda, Toro District, Mubuku Valley, Scott Elliot 7543 (K!, holo.; BM!, iso.)
    Habit
    Shrublet, 0.5–3.5 m tall
    Stem
    Stems subwoody, ± branched, pubescent to subtomentose
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (petiole 0.5–1 mm), linear to oblong-lanceolate, 2–10 × 0.3–2 cm, acuminate to acute, base cuneate, pubescent to glabrescent
    Flowers
    Flowers violet, mauve to purple-red, in many-flowered, simple or few-branched, ± dense, narrowly ellipsoid, up to 15 cm long terminal racemes, rachis patent-pubescent; bracts ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 7–12 × 0.5–1.5 mm, acuminate or caudateacuminate, hirsute; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate, 3–4 × 0.5–1 mm, hirsute, persistent; pedicels 8–16 mm, hirsute, persistent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 6–6.5 × 4–4.5 mm, pubescent; wing sepals suborbicular, 11–13 × 10–12.5 mm, glabrous; anterior sepals keel-shaped, 5–6 × 3–4 mm; pubescent, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obliquely elliptic, 6–7 × 3–5 mm; carina 10.5–12 mm long; crest 4–6 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule obovate in outline, 6–8 × 4–6 mm, brownish, winged (wing up to 0.5 mm wide)
    Seeds
    Seeds cylindric, 3.2–4.2 mm, soft-pubescent (hairs ± 0.5 mm long, never exceeding the base of the seed); caruncle subsymmetric, kidney-shaped, with three very short appendages
    Figures
    Fig 6: 6, p 13
    Ecology
    Montane woodland and wooded grassland; 1500–3000 m
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi Flora districts: U2 T1 T4 T 6 7;

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Other Data

    Polygala ruwenzoriensis Chodat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8237], Tanzania K000231712 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1977 Scott Elliot, G.F. [7543], Uganda K000231713 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. 34: 199 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 202, t. 37/g (1998).
    • F.P.U.: 52 (1962)
    • F.C.B. 7: 261 (1958)
    • T.T.C.L.: 455 (1949)
    • J.B. 34: 199 (1896)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0