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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.
Polygala cf. sphenoptera

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, usually erect and woody-based, 15–60(–100) cm high, with most parts puberulous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear-lanceolate to elliptic, 12–55(–80) x 3–9(–13) mm, obtuse to acute at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes lateral, 2–12(–18) cm long; bracts persistent; pedicels slender, 4–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals free, 2.2–3.5 mm long; wings suborbicular with short claw, 4.5–8.3 x (4–)5–7.6 mm, soon fading to near white, usually with purple margin, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals purple, the upper about half as long as keel; keel about as long as wings
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule broadly oblong, 4–6 x 3–4 mm, asymmetrically emarginate, narrowly winged, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 3.5 x 1.5 mm, with white hairs; caruncle c. 0.5 x 1 mm, with 2(–3) appendages to 0.5 mm long.
Distribution
N1; S1, 3 Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan south to Botswana and Transvaal.
Ecology
Altitude range 65–350 m (S1, 3), 1300–1700 m (N1).
Vernacular
Lugfero (Somali).
Note
The collections seen from S1 and S3 are small-flowered (wings 4.5 x 4.5 mm) and agree with forms from coastal Kenya, while the plants from N1 are most similar to forms in the Ethiopian highlands.

[FTEA]

Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

Type
Type: Ethiopia, between Halei and Tembien, Rüppell s.n. (FR!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb or shrublet, 15–60(–100) cm tall
Morphology Stem
Stems ± erect, slender, branched, crisped-pubescent to patent-pubescent, rarely nearly glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, narrowly oblong-elliptic to elliptic, 15–60(–80) × 3–8(–13) mm, subacute to rounded, base cuneate, crisped-pubescent to patent-pubescent on both sides; petiole 0.5–0.8 mm, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink to purple, in lateral racemes 2–10(–18) cm long, ± densely flowered, rachis crispedpubescent to patent-pubescent; bracts ovate-acuminate, 1.5–2 mm long, usually pubescent, ciliolate, persistent, bracteoles ovate, 1–1.3 mm long, usually pubescent, ciliolate, persistent; pedicels 4–6(–8) mm, usually glabrous, but often pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 3–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, pubescent or glabrescent; wing sepals suborbicular, 4–8 × 7–7.5 mm, shortly unguiculate, frequently with purple margin when dried, inconspicuously and laxly reticulate, glabrous or pubescent at the base; anterior sepals keel-shaped, 3–3.3 × 1.5–2 mm, pubescent or glabrescent, free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals obliquely oblanceolate, 3.5–4 × 1.5–2 mm, puberulous towards the base; carina 4.5–5 × 2.5–3 mm; crest 2–3 mm long, fimbriate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule broadly oblongelliptic in outline, 4–6 × 3–4 mm, asymmetrically emarginate, narrowly winged (wing 0.2–0.3 mm wide), sometimes ciliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid-ellipsoid, 2–3.5 × 1.5 mm, whitesericeous; caruncle subsymmetric, with three appendages, two longer, 0.5–1 mm long, the other shorter or almost absent
Figures
Fig 5: 3, p 11
Ecology
Evergreen bushland, wooded grassland, grassland; 0–2600 m
Note
The type [Tanzania, Mpororo, Stuhmann 2107 (B†, holo.)] of P. stuhlmannii Gürke [in P.O.A. C: 234 (1895); T.T.C.L.: 457 (1949); Paiva in Fontqueria 50: 312 (1998)] has disappeared and there are no duplicates. I found material collected by Schlieben 5116 (B, BM, M) determined as P. stuhlmannii Gürke, which is P. sadebeckiana Gürke. But the description in the protologue, mainly the one of the leaves, does not agree with P. sadebeckiana Gürke. It is, perhaps, P. sphenoptera Fresen., which is a very polymorphic species. The same happened with the type [Kenya, Kilimanjaro, Volkens 330 (B†, holo.)] of P. lentiana Gürke [in P.O.A. C: 234 (1895); Paiva in Fontqueria 50: 309 (1998)], which is P. sphenoptera Fresen . or P. ehlersii Gürke, but probably the former. I also did not find the type [Tanzania, Amani, Warnecke 409 (B†?, holo.)] of P. ruderalis Chodat [in Engl. E.J. 48(1–2): 315 (1912); Paiva in Fontqueria 50: 312 (1998)], which is almost certainly P. sphenoptera Fresen .
Distribution
Range: From Ethiopia and Sudan south to South Africa Flora districts: U1 U2 U4 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Z

[FZ]

Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb or shrublet up to 0.6–1 m. tall with slender stems usually crisped-pubescent sometimes patent-pubescent or nearly glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–8 x 0.3–2.5 cm., very narrowly to narrowly elliptic, crisped-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or purple, pedicels slender, up to 6 mm. long, in slender lateral racemes usually about 5–8 cm. long but occasionally up to 18 cm. long; bracts and bracteoles 1.5–2 mm. long, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Posterior sepal 3 x 1.8 mm.; wing sepals 4–7 mm. in diam., suborbicular in outline, usually glabrous, frequently and characteristically tinged with purple round the extreme margin; anterior sepals 3 mm. long, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals 4 mm. long and 2 mm. broad near the apex, obliquely oblanceolate-oblong with a semi-circular incision at one side of the waist, puberulous from the waist downwards; carina 4.5 x 2 mm., crest 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4–6 x 3–4 mm., broadly oblong in outline, slightly broader at the apex or almost suborbicular, with a narrowly winged margin, 0.2–0.3 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 x 1.5 mm., sericeous; caruncular appendages 0.5–1 mm. long.
Note
(Note: the wings vary from 4 to 7 mm. in diam. and the rest of the flower parts vary more or less in proportion).

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Polygala sphenoptera Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 1, 1978 Schweinfurth, G. [964], Eritrea K000231556
Jan 1, 1977 Rehmann, A. [6346], South Africa K000231786
Jan 1, 1977 Rehmann, A. [5216], South Africa K000231787
Jan 1, 1977 Rehmann, A. [4943], South Africa K000231788
Bidgood, S. [6401], Tanzania K000468024
Friss, I. [14026], Ethiopia K001259670
Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614353

First published in Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 274 (1837)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E Africa t. 719 (1978)
  • F.C.B. 7: 251, t. 14 (1958)
  • F.P.U.: 52 (1962)
  • F.Z. 1, 1: 315, t. 56/13 (1960)
  • Fl. Eth. 2, 1: 180, fig. 24.2/1–4 (2000).
  • Fontqueria 50: 182, t. 34/a (1998)
  • Mus. Senckenb. 2: 274 (1837)
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 1: 82 (1993)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 55 (1994)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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