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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala spicata Chodat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to Mpumalanga.

    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual herb up to 40 cm. tall with slender, wiry, glabrous stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–8 x 0.5–1 mm., linear to lorate, glabrous, often scarcely developed, sometimes a little broader at the extreme base of the stem.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, white or pale greenish-yellow, pedicels 0.5–1 mm. long, in many-flowered terminal racemes up to 10 cm. long with glabrous rhachis and threadlike, caducous bracts 1–1.5 mm. long and bracteoles 0.8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 1 mm. long; wing sepals 2–2.5 x 1.3–1.5 mm., broadly elliptic to rotund, glabrous; anterior sepals 1 mm. long, free.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 1.3 x 0.8 mm., broadly elliptic; carina 1.5 x 0.8 mm. crest 0.6 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Fruits
    Capsules 1 x 1 mm., suborbicular in outline, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 0.5–0.8 x 0.4–0.5 mm., ellipsoid, with white or brownish hairs; caruncle absent.
    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Angola, Lopolo, Welwitsch 1027 (B†, holo.; LISU!, lecto.; BM!, COI!, K!, isolecto.)
    Habit
    Annual herb, (15–)20–40 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems simple or a little branched, slender, wiry, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, scarcely developed and sometimes a little broader near the base of the stem, subsessile, linear to lorate, 5–8 × 0.2–1 mm, acute, base cuneate, glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers pale greenish-yellow or whitish, in dense terminal racemes 2.5–15(–20) cm long; rachis glabrous; bracts linear, 1–1.5 mm long, glabrous, caducous; bracteoles linear, 0.7–0.8 mm long, glabrous, caducous; pedicels 0.5–1 mm, glabrous
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal linear, 1.5–1.8 × 1 mm, glabrous; wing sepals obovate-elliptic to broadly elliptic, 2–2.5 × 1.5–1.8 mm, glabrous; anterior sepals linear, 1–1.3 × 0.3–0.5 mm, glabrous, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals broadly elliptic, 1.5–1.8 mm long; carina 1.5 mm long, 0.7–0.8 mm high; crest 0.5–0.7 mm long, 3–4-fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule stipitate, suborbicular in outline, 1 mm diameter, unwinged, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, 0.5–0.8 × 0.4–0.5 mm, with brownish, rarely whitish hairs; caruncle absent
    Figures
    Fig 4: 2, p 10
    Ecology
    Wet grassland and marshy or boggy ground; 1000–2000 m
    Distribution
    Range: SE and Central tropical and subtropical Africa Flora districts: U4 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala spicata Chodat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Schlechter, F.R.R. [4117], South Africa K000231785 syntype
    Jan 1, 1977 Welw. [1027], Angola K000231702

    Bibliography

    First published in Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 221 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 157, t. 25/c (1998).
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 327, t. 57/14 (1960)
    • F.C.B. 7: 270 (1958)
    • Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 31 (2): 221, tab. 23/36–37 (1893)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0