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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala stenopetala Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: Mozambique, Inhambane, Peters s.n. (B†, holo.; P!, lecto.)
    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb, up to 150 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems erect, slender, simple or fewbranched, narrowly winged, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, grasslike, shortly petiolate (petiole 0.5 mm), lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 5–30 × 2–7 mm, pointed, base cuneate, glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers blue to greenish-blue, in terminal simple or few-branched racemes up to 20 cm long; rachis glabrous; bracts linear-lanceolate, 1–2 mm long, caducous; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 0.8–1 mm long, caducous; pedicels 3–4 mm, pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 2–2.5 × (0.7–)1–1.5 mm, glabrous; wing sepals obliquely broadly elliptic, 5–8 × 4–5.5 mm, with purple-brown veining, glabrous; anterior sepals keel-shaped, 1.8–2 × 1–1.5 mm, glabrous, connate
    Corolla
    Upper petals obliquely obovate, 3–3.5 × 2.5 mm; carina 6.5–7 × 3.5–4 mm; crest 2–2.5 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong-elliptic in outline, 5–6.5 × 3.5–4.5 mm, unwinged, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, 3–4 × 1.5 mm, with short brownish appressed hairs; caruncle asymmetric kidney-shaped, 0.6–0.7 mm long, almost without membranaceous appendages.
    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Perennial herb (sometimes annual ?) or shrublet up to 1.5 m. tall with slender, erect, slightly winged, glabrous stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 15–50 x 1–5 mm., linear, grasslike, pointed at the apex, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers blue or greenish with purple-brown veining, pedicels 3–4 mm. long, in elongated, terminal racemes up to 20 cm. long with glabrous rhachis and small caducous bracts 1 mm. long and bracteoles 0.8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 2 mm. long; wing sepals 5–6.5 x 4–5.5 mm., obliquely suborbicular or rotund; anterior sepals 1.8 mm. long, connate.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 3 x 2.5 mm., obliquely and irregularly obovate; carina 6.5 x 3.5 mm., crest 2 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Fruits
    Capsule 5–6 x 3.5–4.5 mm., obliquely oblong, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5 x 1.5 mm., ellipsoid, with rather short, brownish, appressed hairs; caruncular appendages absent.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala stenopetala Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 114 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 219, t. 41/b, c (1998).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E Africa t. 558 (1978)
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 331, t. 57/1 (1960)
    • Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot. 1: 114, t. 23 (1865) [as “ stenophylla”]

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0