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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala transvaalensis Chodat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Perennial herb 10–20 cm. tall; stems slender, crisped-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 10–30 x 2.9 mm., narrowly elliptic to linear, glabrous or minutely pubescent, nerves almost inconspicuous, acute or rounded and often mucronulate at the apex, cuneate at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, crimson or purple, pedicels 2–3.5 mm. long, in short lateral 3–6-flowered racemes about 1 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal 2.5 x 1.2 mm., broadly ovate-acuminate, with ciliolate margin; wing sepals 4 x 2.8 mm., greenish, obliquely elliptic, apiculate at the apex, glabrous or nearly so; anterior sepals 2 x1 mm., free, with ciliolate margins.
    Corolla
    Upper petals 4.5 x 2.5 mm., irregularly contorted-cuneate; carina 4 x 1.5 mm., crest 1.5 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8.
    Style
    Style 3.5 mm. long, sharply bent at the apex with a dorsal crest.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4.5–5 mm. in diam., suborbicular in outline, notched at the apex, and with a marginal wing 0.5 mm. broad.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3 x 1.3 mm., cylindric, sericeous-pubescent; caruncular appendages 1–1.5 mm. long, extending about half the length of the seed.
    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Transvaal, Apies Poort, Rehmann 4198 (K!, lecto.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb, 10–20 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems slender, erect, branched, crisped-pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subsessile, narrowly-elliptic to linear, 10–30 × (2–)3–11 mm, acute to rounded and mucronate, base cuneate, secondary venation and reticulation inconspicuous, minutely pubescent to glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, crimson, bluish or purple, in 3–6-flowered lateral racemes 1–4 cm long, rachis crisped-pubescent; bracts lanceolate, 0.5–0.8 mm long, crisped-pubescent, caducous; bracteoles lanceolate, 0.5 mm long, crisped-pubescent, caducous; pedicels 2–3.5 mm, crisped-pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal ovate, 2–3 × 1.5–1.8 mm, acuminate, ciliolate; wing sepals greenish, obliquely elliptic, 4.5–6 × 2.5–3 mm, sparsely pubescent to glabrous; anterior sepals lanceolate, 1.5–2 × 0.7–1.3 mm, acute, ciliolate, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obovate, 4–5 × 2.5–3.5 mm; carina 4–5 × 1.5–3 mm; crest 1.5–2.5 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule suborbicular in outline, 4.5–6 mm in diameter, asymmetrically bilobate, sparsely pubescent, narrowly winged, wing 0.5 mm wide
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, 2.5–3 × 1.3–1.5 mm, sericeous-pubescent, caruncle 0.2 mm long, with three short appendages
    Figures
    Fig 10: 5, p 18

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala transvaalensis Chodat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Cooper, J. [1918], South Africa K000231782
    Jan 1, 1977 Sankey, H.J. [120.10], South Africa K000231784
    Jan 1, 1977 Rehmann, A. [4198], South Africa K000231781 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1977 Saltmarshe, E. [1111a], Swaziland K000231783

    Bibliography

    First published in Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31(2: 2): 374 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 245, t. 46/c (1998).
    • Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 31 (2): 374, tab. 29/18 (1893)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0