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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala virgata Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Cape Province, Thunberg s.n. (UPS!, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub or shrublet up to 3 m tall
    Stem
    Stems virgately branched, glabrous or nearly so
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (petiole 1 mm), linear, narrowly elliptic to oblonglanceolate, 20–90 × 1.5–5 mm, acute, base cuneate, pubescent when young, glabrous later
    Flowers
    Flowers deep purple to pale lilac (rarely with wing sepals whitish, but, if so, with pink veins), in terminal many-flowered racemes up to 20 cm long; rachis sparsely pubescent to glabrous; bracts linear, 2.5–3 mm long, caducous; bracteoles linear, 2 mm long, caducous; pedicels up to 10 mm, pubescent
    Calyx
    Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 4–6 mm long, ciliate; wing sepals suborbicular or ± oblong-elliptic, (8–)10–17 × (6–)9–15 mm, glabrous; anterior sepals lanceolate, 3.5–5 × 3 mm, ciliate, free
    Corolla
    Upper petals obovatespathulate, 5–8 × 3–4 mm; carina 9–13 × 6–8 mm, ciliate; crest 4–6 mm long, fimbriate
    Stamens
    Stamens 8
    Fruits
    Capsule obliquely obovate-elliptic in outline, 7.5–10 × 5–8 mm, winged, wing 1 mm wide, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid-cylindric, (3.7–)4–4.5 × 1.5 mm, silkypubescent; caruncle asymmetric, 1–1.3 mm long, with almost inconspicuous appendages, 0.1–0.2 mm long

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polygala virgata Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Burchell [1933] K000231775 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 120 (1800)

    Accepted by

    • Arrigoni, P.V. (2014). Revisione tassonomica e corologica del genere Polygala en Italia Informatore Botanico Italiano 46: 235-263.
    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
    • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
    • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fontqueria 50: 249, t. 12/1 (1998).
    • Cribb & Leedal, Mountain Fl. S. Tanz.: 62, t. 10D (1982)
    • F.Z. 1, 1: 318 (1960)
    • F.C.B. 7: 266 (1958)
    • T.T.C.L.: 455 (1949)
    • Prodr. Fl. Cap. 2: 120 (1800)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/