1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Lannea A.Rich.
      1. Lannea antiscorbutica (Hiern) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central African Republic to DR Congo, S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    A shrub or tree up to 15 m. tall; trunk erect, covered by greyish bark; old branches rugose and glabrous; branchlets brownish-grey to almost black, smooth or striate, glabrous or with a few stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves (3)5–9(1 l)-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 4–25(43) cm. long, subterete, ± canaliculate above, glabrous or very sparsely stellate-hairy; leaflets subconcolorous or, when dried, almost black above and brown beneath, 4·14(18) × 1·8–6·7(8·2) cm., lanceolate-elliptic or ovate to elliptic or oblong, membranous to papyraceous, the young ones with a narrow acumen, resinous and covered by minute pinkish or whitish glandular hairs mixed or not with stellate ones, when adult glabrous on the lamina except for tufts of simple hairs in the nerve-axils, attenuate to the apex or ± abruptly acuminate, the acumen 0·5–2 cm. long and somewhat broad and blunt; terminal leaflet symmetric, with petiolule 2–4 cm. long, the lateral ones unequally rounded or sub-cuneate at the base and with petiolule 0·1–0·6 cm. long; midrib and lateral nerves slender, not or slightly raised on both surfaces, reticulation visible below in the oldest leaves.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences spike-like, arising before the leaves, crowded at the apices of the branchlets; axis 2·5–10 cm. long, pinkish-salmon-stellate-tomentose; pedicels 0·2–2·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-segments c. 1 mm. long, ovate, entire, obtuse, with few stellate hairs or glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 3 × 1·5 mm., oblong-ovate, unguiculate.
    Fruits
    Drupe 7–9(12) × 6–7 mm., irregularly ovoid.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Shrub or tree up to 18 m. high; trunk erect, covered with greyish bark; old branches rugose and glabrous; branchlets brownish grey to almost black, smooth or striate, glabrous or with scattered stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves (3–)5–9(–11)-foliolate, alternate; rachis 4–25(–43) cm. long, subterete, somewhat longitudinally furrowed above, glabrous or with few simple hairs; leaflets lanceolate-elliptic, ovate to elliptic or oblong, 4–14(–18) cm. long, 2–7(–8.2) cm. broad, attenuate or somewhat acuminate at the apex (acumen up to 2 cm. long), subconcolorous (when dried almost black above and brown beneath), membranous to papyraceous; terminal leaflet symmetric, with petiolule 2–4 cm. long, the lateral ones unequally rounded or subcuneate at the base and with petiolule 1–6 mm. long; midrib and lateral nerves not or barely raised on both surfaces; reticulation visible beneath in the oldest leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences unbranched spike-like panicles, arising before the leaves and carried below them at the apices of the branchlets; axis 2.5–10 cm. long, pinkish-salmon stellate-tomentose; pedicels 0.2–2.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-segments ovate, ± 1 mm. long, obtuse, entire, with a few stellate hairs or glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong-ovate, 2.8–3.5 mm. long, 1.2–1.8 mm. broad, unguiculate.
    Fruits
    Drupe irregularly ovoid, 7–9(–12) mm. long, 6–8 mm. broad on the long diameter, green in the early stages.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland or dense thicket, on sandy soils; 200–670 m.
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Central African Repu, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Lannea antiscorbutica (Hiern) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [4449], Angola K000423440

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 499 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. & A. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 563 (1966).
    • van der Veken in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 53, photo. 1 (1960).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 132 (1954).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 24: 499 (1898).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0