1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Lannea A.Rich.
      1. Lannea edulis (Sond.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ivory Coast, W. Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    A geophytic shrublet with purple-brown stems, normally up to 30 cm. high, occa-sionally up to 60 cm. high, arising from a large nodose, rugose, woody rootstock, at first densely covered with rusty tomentum of flexuous stellate hairs, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1–7-foliolate, alternate, up to 30 cm. long; rachis up to 26 cm. long, slightly longitudinally grooved above, stellate-tomentose in the juvenile stage, later glabrescent; young leaflets elliptic, acute at the apex and densely tomentose on both surfaces, adult ones elliptic, oblong-ovate, ovate to subcircular, 9–20(–25) cm. long, 9–12(–15) cm. broad, discolorous, obtuse to broadly acuminate at the apex, rounded to somewhat cuneate at the base, glabrescent to almost glabrous on the upper surface, tomentose or glabrescent beneath, the terminal one with petiolule 0.5–5 cm. long, lateral ones subsessile or with petiolules up to 4 mm. long; midrib prominent beneath; lateral nerves (7–)8–10 on each side; reticulation conspicuous beneath on the old leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences racemose or compressed panicles 3–10 cm. long, covered with minute stellate hairs, arising from short branches near ground-level before, below the leaves or with the young leaves; pedicels 1–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes ovate, ± 1 mm. long, reddish, obtuse, glabrescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 2–3 mm. long, 1.2–1.5 mm. broad, yellowish to pinkish, somewhat unguiculate.
    Fruits
    Drupe ovoid, compressed, 8–11 mm. long, 6–9 mm. in diameter, bright deep red.
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Suffrutex with stems 3–30 cm. high, at first ferruginous-stellate-tomentose, later glabrescent, arising from a large, nodose, rugose, woody, trailing rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–7-foliolate, rarely 1-foliolate, up to about 30 cm. long; petiole and rhachis 3 (in the 1-foliolate leaves)-26 cm. long, flattened or slightly canaliculate on the upper side, stellate-tomentose in the juvenile state, later glabrescent; young leaflets elliptic, acute, densely tomentose on both surfaces, with the reticulation invisible, the adult ones discolorous, 9–20 × 4–12 cm., elliptic, oblong-obovate, ovate to subcircular, obtuse to widely acuminate at the apex, rounded or somewhat cuneate at the base, rigid or coriaceous, glabrescent or almost glabrous on the upper surface, ± persistently tomentose or glabrescent below, petiolulate, the petiolules compressed, canaliculate, the terminal one 0·5–5 cm. long, the lateral ones up to 0·4 cm. long; midrib sunk or slightly raised above, strongly prominent beneath, lateral nerves (7)8–10 on each side, visible above, raised below, reticulation: ± visible on the upper face, very prominent beneath, mainly in the oldest leaves.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences almost at ground level, coming up some weeks after burnings, before the leaves or with the young leaves, composed of panicles, with the 3–10 cm. long axis, the very short lateral branches and the pedicels covered by minute red glands and stellate hairs; pedicels 1–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx segments red in dry state, ovate, obtuse, glabrescent, with or without some glands.
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish to pinkish, 2–3 × 1·3–1·5 mm., elliptic, somewhat unguiculate.
    Fruits
    Drupe bright to deep red, 9–11 × 8–9 × 6–7 mm., ovoid, compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lannea edulis (Sond.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7811], Tanzania 26044.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3070], Zambia 9842.000
    Cruse, A.W. [405], Zambia 9843.000
    Harley, R.M. [9485], Tanzania 30822.000
    Zeyher [349], South Africa K000423428
    Burke [353], South Africa K000423425
    Burke [353], South Africa K000423426
    Burke [353], South Africa K000423427
    Wood, J. M. [542], South Africa K000423429

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. & A. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 566, t. 122B (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 210 (1962).
    • van der Veken in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 61 (1960).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 34 (1949).
    • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 185 (1921).
    • Engl., A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien II–IV, Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0