1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Lannea A.Rich.
      1. Lannea humilis (Oliv.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 6 m. tall; bole thick; crown flat or spreading; branches brownish-grey, cylindric, striate, lenticellate, glabrous; branchlets densely whitish-tomentose with small rigid-armed stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves (3)5–21-foliolate, scattered along the terminal twigs or ± crowded on the short floriferous lateral branches; petiole and rhachis 3–15 cm. long, subcylindric, canaliculate on the upper side, ± densely stellate-tomentose; leaflets discolorous, dark green and with ± sparse stellate hairs mixed with minute simple ones on the upper surface, densely white-stellate-tomentose to sparsely so (in aged leaves) below, coriaceous; terminal leaflet 2–3 × 1–1·8 cm., oblong to obovate, obtuse at the apex, ± cuneate at the base with a petiolule 0·2–1 cm. long; lateral leaflets 1–3 × 0·8–1·3 cm., ovate, oblong or elliptic, obtuse at the apex, unequally rounded or subcordate at the base, subsessile to very shortly petiolulate; midrib sunk above, prominent below, lateral nerves nearly invisible above, raised below.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences spike-like, unbranched or with a few branches, 2–5 cm. long, clustered on short lateral branchlets, with the flowers glomerate; axis and branches densely whitish-tomentose; pedicels 1–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-segments c. 1–5 × 1–5 mm., ovate, tomentose; petals yellowish, 2·3–4·5 × 1·5–2 mm., unguiculate.
    Fruits
    Drupe greyish-tomentose, 9–13 × 5–8 mm., oblong, somewhat compressed and oblique.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 m. high; bole thick with grey to almost black smooth spongy bark; branches brownish grey, cylindric, striate, lenticellate, glabrous; branchlets densely whitish tomentose with small rigid-armed stellate hairs; crown flat or spreading.
    Leaves
    Leaves (3–)5–21-foliolate, scattered along the terminal twigs or somewhat crowded on the short floriferous lateral branches; rachis 3–15 cm. long, semicylindric, longitudinally grooved above, densely stellate-tomentose; leaflets ovate, obovate, oblong or elliptic, terminal 2–3 cm. long, 1–1.8 cm. broad, laterals 1–3 cm. long, 0.8–1.3 cm. broad, obtuse at the apex, unequally rounded or subcordate to somewhat cuneate at the base, discolorous, upper surface with sparsely stellate hairs mixed with minute simple ones, lower surface densely white stellate-tomentose, lateral ones sessile or subsessile, terminal one with petiolule 2–10 mm. long; midrib sunk above, prominent beneath, lateral nerves impressed above and raised beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences spike-like, 2–5 cm. long, clustered on short lateral branchlets; axis den-sely whitish tomentose; pedicels 1–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes ovate, ± 1.5 mm. long and broad, tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals 2.5–4.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. broad, yellowish, unguicu-late.
    Fruits
    Drupe oblong, somewhat compressed and oblique, 9–13 mm. long, 5–8 mm. in diameter, greyish tomentose.
    Habitat
    Locally common in deciduous woodland, bushland and wooded grasslands, generally where drainage is impeded, often at edges of seasonally flooded valleys, plains at foot of scarps and other local water catchments; 750–1700 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 U1 Senegal to Sudan, Rwanda, Zambia and Zimbabwe
    [FWTA]

    Anacardiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or much branched tree, seldom more than 10 ft. high
    Ecology
    In dry savannah regions.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Lannea humilis (Oliv.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 11, 1934 Trotha [s.n.], Tanzania K000423325 holotype
    Vogel, E. [78], Nigeria K000423358 Unknown type material
    Kotschy [378], Ethiopia K000423343 Unknown type material
    Kotschy [378], Ethiopia K000423344 Unknown type material
    Fischer [121], Tanzania K000423326

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 393, 400, 404, t. 83, 3
    • in E. & P. Pfianzenfam Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 98, fig. 29/4 (1982).
    • R. & A. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 559 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 210 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 24 (1961).
    • van der Veken in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 56 (1960).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 732 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 348 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 8 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 34 (1949).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 184 (1921).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 24: 495 (1898)
    • Engl. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien II–IV, Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0