1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Lannea A.Rich.
      1. Lannea schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Eritrea and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Tree usually 5–10(15) m. tall, with spreading crown and short bole; bark grey to nearly black, rather rough; floriferous branches very rugose.
    Leaves
    Leaves appearing after the flowers and the fruit, 5–11(13)-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 8–33 cm. long, dorsally convex, canaliculate above, at first densely pinkish-rusty-tomentose, glabrescent with age; leaflets 6·3–15·5 × 4·2–7·5 cm., elliptic, oblong-ovate to ovate, the basal ones somewhat shorter and proportionately broader, acute or obtuse at the apex, the terminal one symmetric, acute and up to 3·5 cm. long petiolulate, the lateral ones asymmetric, rounded, truncate or subcordate at the base and sessile or 1·5–3 mm. long petiolulate, all at first densely pink-rusty-tomentose on both surfaces, then discolorous on drying (almost black and with ± sparse stellate hairs above, persistently rusty-tomentose below), finally reddish-brown or dull brown and glabrous above and laxly tomentose and rusty-ochraceous beneath; midrib a little prominent above, rather so beneath, lateral nerves and reticulation sunk in the upper face, raised on the under surface, concealed by a tomentum as dense as that of the lamina.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles spike-like, crowded at the top of short branches, the male ones up to 22 cm. long, the female ones up to 8 cm. long, with tomentose axis.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense bundles; pedicels 1–3 mm. long, tomentose; calyx-segments c. 1·5 mm. long, ovate to subcircular, ciliolate, covered by stellate hairs or almost glabrous; petals greenish to bright yellow, 3·5–5 × 1·5–2·5 mm., oblong-ovate, fragrant.
    Fruits
    Drupe red, 7–10 × 4–6 mm., obliquely ovoid.
    [FWTA]

    Anacardiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A savannah tree, 6–25 ft. high
    Bark
    Dark grey or black rough bark
    Indumentum
    Young parts with pinkish or reddish indumentum
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish, usually produced before the leaves
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Small or medium tree 2–9(–15) m. high, with spreading crown and short bole; bark dark grey, smooth to rough and reticulate; twigs stout.
    Leaves
    Leaves appearing after the flowers and fruits, alternate or crowded at the end of spur-shoots, 5–11(–13)-foliolate; rachis 8–33 cm. long, dorsally convex, longitudinally grooved above, densely pinkish rusty-tomentose but later glabrescent; leaflets elliptic, oblong-ovate to ovate, 5–15.5 cm. long, 3–7.5 cm. broad, basal ones somewhat shorter and broader than the terminal, acute to acuminate or obtuse at the apex, the terminal one symmetric, cuneate and with petiolule 1–3.5 cm. long, the lateral ones asymmetric, cuneate, rounded, truncate or subcordate at the base and subsessile, all at first densely pink rusty-tomentose on both surfaces but changing to sparsely stellate-hairy above and rusty-tomentose beneath, finally dull brown or reddish brown and glabrous above and rusty-tomentose to somewhat glabrescent beneath; midrib prominent beneath; lateral nerves and reticulation impressed above and raised beneath or concealed by a tomentum when young.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences unbranched spike-like panicles, arising before the leaves or carried below them, crowded at the end of the short corky branches, ♂ up to 22 cm. long, ♀ up to 8 cm. long; axis tomentose; flowers in dense fascicles; pedicels 1.5–3 mm. long, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx-segments ovate to subcircular 1.2–1.5 mm. long, covered with stellate hairs or nearly glabrous, ciliolate.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong-ovate, 3–5 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. broad, greenish to bright yellow, fragrant.
    Fruits
    Drupe obliquely ovoid, compressed, 8–14 mm. long, 4–9 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 2.
    Habitat
    In various types of deciduous woodland and wooded grassland; (450)750–1900 m.
    Distribution
    Nigeria to Ethiopia and Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique K2 K3 K5 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Lannea schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1984 Schimper [566], Ethiopia K000423340
    Mar 21, 1949 Stolz, A. [1603], Tanzania K000423318
    Mar 21, 1949 Stolz, A. [1603], Tanzania K000423319
    Mar 21, 1949 Stolz, A. [1603], Tanzania K000423320
    Mar 21, 1949 Stolz, A. [1570], Tanzania K000423322
    Mar 21, 1949 Stolz, A. [1638], Tanzania K000423324
    Mar 19, 1949 Schimper [566], Ethiopia K000423341
    Meikle, R.D. [1374], Nigeria 9844.000
    Ash, J. [755], Ethiopia 38875.000
    Stolz, A. [1570], Tanzania K000423321
    Stolz, A. [1638], Tanzania K000423323
    Schimper [1282], Ethiopia K000423335 Unknown type material
    Schimper [657], Ethiopia K000423336 Unknown type material
    Schimper [657], Ethiopia K000423337
    Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000423339
    Schimper [1282], Ethiopia Odina schimperi K000423338

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 399, 402, 404.
    • Hoyle & Jones in Kew Bull. 1947: 75–86, tt. 1–4
    • in E. & P. Pfianzenfam Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 98, fig. 29/2 (1982).
    • R. & A. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 560 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 210 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 24 (1961).
    • van der Veken in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 57, t. 7 (1960).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 469 (1958).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 732 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 346, fig. 129 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 10 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 34 (1949).
    • Hoyle & Jones in Kew Bulletin 2: 80 (1947).
    • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 186 (1921).
    • Engl., A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien II–IV, Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0