1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Lannea A.Rich.
      1. Lannea triphylla (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Deciduous shrub or small tree 2–5 m. high; crown spreading; bark rough, brownish grey.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually trifoliolate, very rarely 1-foliolate or 5-foliolate, often crowded on short node-like branchlets; petiole up to 6 cm. long; terminal leaflet obovate, 1–6.5 cm. long, 1–7.2 cm. broad, on a petiolule up to 2 mm. long or sessile; lateral leaflets usually smaller and mostly sessile, obovate, ovate or elliptic, obtuse and sometimes retuse at the apex, cuneate or obtuse to somewhat truncate at the base, discolorous, margin entire or undulate, young ones densely floccose-stellate-tomentose on both surfaces, upper surface later with sparse stellate and simple hairs, the lower surface remaining whitish densely tomentose with both stellate and simple hairs; midrib and lateral nerves prominent beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of spike-like panicles 1–3 cm. long, clustered on short lateral branchlets; axis densely whitish tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers clustered on the peduncle, subsessile or with pedicels up to 6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes ovate, 1–1.5 m. long and broad, tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals elliptic-obovate, 2.5–3(–3.8) mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. broad, greenish yellow, unguiculate; ovary rudimentary in ♂, 4-locular in ♀, 1 mm. long, densely tomentose; styles 4, glabrous and with peltate stigmas.
    Fruits
    Drupe ovoid, 6–9 mm. long, 5–8 mm. in diameter, somewhat longitudinally ridged, apex with (3–)4 horns showing remains of the original 4 styles, densely stellate-tomentose.
    Habitat
    In wooded grassland and deciduous bushland, often on stony hills; 340–1400 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T3 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda

    Lannea triphylla (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash, J. [1604], Ethiopia 35583.000
    Schimper [891], Ethiopia K000423331 Unknown type material

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 26 (1961).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 469 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2:11 (1952).
    • Kokwaro & Gillett in Kew Bulletin 34: 750 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 33 (1949).
    • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 186 (1921).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien II–IV, Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0