1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Lannea A.Rich.
      1. Lannea welwitschii (Hiern) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Ethiopia and Angola.

    [FWTA]

    Anacardiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree, to 100 ft. high, with cylindrical bole, up to 8 ft. in girth, and small buttresses
    Bark
    Bark grey, pitted slash thick, deep crimson-pink with whitish streaks
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish-green
    Fruits
    Ripe fruits black.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    A forest tree up to 30 m. high; bole unbuttressed, straight and cylindrical, free from branches for 8–15 m. at maturity; bark grey, scaling.
    Leaves
    Leaves clustered at the ends of the branchlets, (3–)5–7(–13)-foliolate; rachis 10–25 cm. long, semicylindric, longitudinally grooved above, glabrous or with a few stellate hairs; petiolules 1–5 mm. long on lateral leaflets, 2–5 cm. long on the terminal one; leaflets oblong-ovate, ovate-lanceolate or ovate, 10–15(–20) cm. long, 5–7(–10) cm. broad, long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate or obtuse and asymmetric at the base, papyraceous, glabrous or with minute scattered hairs especially on the nerves beneath, discolorous, margin entire or somewhat sinuate or undulate; midrib and lateral nerves raised beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of subterminal axillary panicles up to 20 cm. long, pyramidal and up to 8 cm. wide, yellowish tomentose; bracts ovate, 3–8 mm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 0.6–0.8 mm. long, ciliate-denticulate, glabrous or stellate hairy.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong-elliptic, 2.5–3 mm. long, 1.4–1.7 mm. broad, yellow.
    Fruits
    Drupe ellipsoid or suborbicular and compressed, 6–8 mm. long, 4–6 mm. in diameter.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Uganda, Zaïre

    Lannea welwitschii (Hiern) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [3273], Cameroon K000093129
    Sep 16, 1955 Chevalier, A. [16264], Ivory Coast K000423347
    Sep 16, 1955 Chevalier, A. [16264], Ivory Coast K000423348
    Jan 1, 1952 Welwitsch [4543], Angola K000423431
    Maitland, T.D. [532], Cameroon K000093130
    Maitland, T.D. [532], Cameroon K000093131
    Chevalier, A. [16319], Ivory Coast Lannea acidissima K000423349
    Zenker, G.A. [2511], Cameroon Lannea zenkeri K000423346 isotype

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 498 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2017). Flore du Gabon 50: 1-77. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 170, t. 191.
    • Bot. Jahrb. 24: 498(1898)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 209 (1981).
    • van der Veken in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 50 (1960).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2: 732 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 11 (1952).
    • De Wild. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 5: 312 (1919).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 36: 219 (1905).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 24: 298 (1898)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0