1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Pseudospondias Engl.
      1. Pseudospondias microcarpa (A.Rich.) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Comoros.

    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    A spreading tree 10–40 m. high; bole usually short, 3–18 m. high and up to 2 m. in diameter, twisted, strongly buttressed; bark greyish-yellow, falling off in large flakes.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–17-foliolate; rachis 10–50 cm. long, striate, glabrous, rarely pubescent, subcylindric to dorsally convex towards the base; petiolules 3–10 mm. long, grooved, glabrous or pubescent; leaflets opposite or alternate, oblong-ovate to elliptic, 5–20 cm. long, 3–8 cm. broad, the basal ones smaller, acuminate at the apex, very asymmetric at the base (the terminal one symmetrically cuneate at the base), margin entire, papyraceous to coriaceous, glabrous or rarely with the midrib pubescent beneath, discolorous, sometimes shining; midrib prominent beneath; lateral nerves and venation slightly raised beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles 10–32(–40) cm. long, the axis and branches dull brownish red, puberulous.
    Male
    Male flowers:sepals 4(–5), ovate, 0.8–1 mm. long, obtuse, glabrous; petals 4(–5), elliptic, 1.5–2.2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad, whitish; stamens 8(–10); filaments very short; anthers 0.3–0.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:ovary 4(–5)-locular, globose; styles 4. Male flowers:sepals 4(–5), ovate, 0.8–1 mm. long, obtuse, glabrous; petals 4(–5), elliptic, 1.5–2.2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad, whitish; stamens 8(–10); filaments very short; anthers 0.3–0.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers:ovary 4(–5)-locular, globose; styles 4.
    Fruits
    Drupe broadly ellipsoid when fresh, 1.5–2.5 cm. long, 1–1.8 cm. broad, blue black when ripe; stone oblong-ovoid to obovoid, 4(–5)-gonal, 4(–5)-locular (usually only 1 locule fertile), with 3–4(–5) opercules near the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong, 10–15 mm. long, 2–4 mm. broad.
    Figures
    Fig. 12.
    Habitat
    Lake shores, riverine and swamp forests, and rain-forest edges; 900–1700 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T1 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4 from Senegal to the Sudan and in Zaire, Angola and Zambia
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    A tall shrub with the main stems stout and spreading, or more often a tree up to 35 m. high; bole usually short, 3–18 m. tall and up to 2 m. in diam., twisted, strongly buttressed; bark greyish-yellow, falling off in large flakes.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–17-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 10–50 cm. long, striate, glabrous, rarely pubescent; petiole dorsally convex, flat above; rhachis subcylindric; leaflets opposite or alternate, discolorous, sometimes shining, 5–20 × 3–8 cm., oblong-ovate to elliptic, the basal ones smaller, acuminate, the acumen obtuse, the terminal one symmetrically cuneate at the base, the others very asymmetric, entire, papyraceous to coriaceous, glabrous or rarely with the midrib pubescent below; petiolules 0·3–1 cm. long, grooved, glabrous or pubescent; midrib prominent mainly beneath, lateral nerves and venation scarcely raised on the upper surface, slightly prominent below.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles up to as long as the leaves or longer, with the axis and branches dull-brownish-red, puberulous.
    Male
    Male flowers: sepals 4(5), 0·8–1 mm. long, ovate, obtuse, glabrous; petals whitish, 1·5–2·2 × 1–1·25 mm., elliptic; stamens 8(10), with very short filaments and 0·3–0·5 mm. long anthers.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: ovary globose, 4(5)-locular; styles 4. Male flowers: sepals 4(5), 0·8–1 mm. long, ovate, obtuse, glabrous; petals whitish, 1·5–2·2 × 1–1·25 mm., elliptic; stamens 8(10), with very short filaments and 0·3–0·5 mm. long anthers.
    Female
    Female flowers: ovary globose, 4(5)-locular; styles 4.
    Fruits
    Drupe blue-black when ripe, 1·5–2·5 × 1–1·8 cm., broadly ellipsoid when fresh; stone oblong-ovoid to obovoid, 4(5)-gonal, 4(5)-locular (usually only 1 loculus fertile), with 4(5) opercules near the apex.
    Seeds
    Seed 10–15 × 2–4 mm., oblong.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Pseudospondias microcarpa (A.Rich.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2002 Letouzey, R. [15075], Cameroon K000093102
    Jan 1, 1984 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8779], Cameroon K000093144
    Jun 1, 1968 Binuyo, A. [FHI 35510], Cameroon K000093151
    Troupin, G. [3830], Congo, DRC 9845.000
    Onochie, C.F.A. [32070], Cameroon K000093140
    Latilo, M.G. [30902], Nigeria 15571.000
    Deighton, F.C. [5487], Sierra Leone 15904.000
    Hoyle, A.C. [749], Sudan 15905.000
    Harley, R.M. [9130], Tanzania 32774.000
    Tanner, R. [1181], Tanzania 6963.000
    Struhsaker, T.T. [2], Cameroon K000093146
    Struhsaker, T.T. [2], Cameroon K000093147
    Maitland, T.D. [490], Cameroon K000093152
    Maitland, T.D. [490], Cameroon K000093153
    Maitland, T.D. [364], Cameroon K000093155
    Maitland, T.D. [557], Cameroon K000093156
    Maitland, T.D. [557], Cameroon K000093157
    Russell, T.A. [FHI 28528], Cameroon K000093141
    Russell, T.A. [FHI 28528], Cameroon K000093142
    Cheek, M. [3032], Cameroon K000093149
    Strahsaker, T.T. [2], Cameroon 31680.000
    Juniper, B. [130], Tanzania 3212.000
    Cheek [3032], Cameroon 55408.000
    Döllinger [46], Gambia K000423417
    Brunt, M.A. [225], Cameroon K000093137
    Brunt, M.A. [377], Cameroon K000093138
    Brunt, M.A. [162], Cameroon K000093143
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30384], Cameroon K000093150
    Daramola, B. O. [FHI 29843], Cameroon K000093139

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 259 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2017). Flore du Gabon 50: 1-77. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 10, fig. 30/1 (1982).
    • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 209 (1981).
    • R. & A. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 555, t. 120 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 211 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 26 (1961).
    • van der Veken in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 44, t. 6 (1960).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 128 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 348 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 12 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 36 (1949).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (2): 181 (1921).
    • Engl. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 259 (1883)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0