1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Sorindeia Thouars
      1. Sorindeia juglandifolia (A.Rich.) Planch. ex Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Anacardiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree
    Flowers
    Flowers whitish, tinged pink.
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    A sarmentose shrub or small tree up to 9 m. tall, glabrous except sometimes for the inflorescence; branchlets striate, sometimes densely lenticellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves (1) 3–9-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 10–30 cm. long, subcylindric, slightly compressed above, striate; leaflets concolorous, subopposite or alternate, obovate, ovate, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, shortly broadly and obtusely acuminate at the apex, entire, slightly thickened and undulate at the margin, rounded or cuneate at the base, petiolulate (with petiolule dull purple, 0·3–1 cm. long, thick, wrinkled, furrowed), usually large, the terminal one up to 22 × 11·5 cm., the lateral ones somewhat smaller, decreasing in size to the leaf base; midrib prominulous above, very prominent beneath, lateral nerves 6–10 on each side, slender, straw-coloured in a dry state, ascendent-arcuate, raised above and more so beneath; tertiary nerves collected into an oblique nerve directed towards the lateral-nerve-axils, prominulous on both surfaces as also the lax venation.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles up to 70 cm. long and with basal branches up to 45 cm. long, pyramidal, lax, sparsely pilose or glabrous, the male ones usually longer than the femaleones; pedicels slender, up to 3·5 mm.
    Flowers
    Flowers whitish or yellowish, tinged with red; bud globose, obtuse.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2 × 2·5 mm., very shallowly 5-lobulate, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals 3–5 × 1·5 mm., oblong, subacute, glabrous, not thickened internally at the apex.
    Filaments
    Filaments c. 1 mm. long; anthers oblong, 1·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe yellow, c. 1 cm. long, broadly ellipsoid.
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Tree up to 9 m. high; branchlets greyish, striate.
    Leaves
    Leaves 9–11-foliolate, up to 41 cm. long; petiole and rhachis up to 30 cm. long, puberulous; leaflets alternate, discolorous (greyish-green above, greenish beneath), coriaceous, glabrous, contracted at the apex into an acumen 5–11 mm. long, with the margin undulate and thickened, petiolulate (petiolule c. 7 mm. long, canaliculate above), the terminal one 11 × 5 cm., elliptic, symmetric at the base, the intermediate ones 9–10 × 3·8–4·2 cm., ovate to oblong, very asymmetric at the base, the basal ones 5–6 × 3–4 cm., broadly ovate; midrib and lateral nerves (9–11 on each side) straw-coloured, prominulous above, prominent below, reticulation visible on both surfaces but more so beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles reddish, 20 cm. long (or more?), axillary, lax.
    Buds
    Flower-bud purplish, subglobose.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 0·5 × c. 1·5 mm., subacute.
    Corolla
    Petals dark reddish-purple, c. 3 × 1·75 mm., with an apical cuneiform thickening on the inner face.
    Stamens
    Stamens 13–16; anthers c. 1·25 mm. long, oblong.
    Flowers
    Female flowers unknown.
    Female
    Female flowers unknown.
    Fruits
    Fruit unknown.
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Scrambling shrub 4 m. high or small tree up to 9 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually 7–9-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 16–35 cm. long, terete, not much thickened; leaflets light green, subconcolorous, papyraceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, contracted at the apex into a rather narrow acumen up to 1·8 cm. long, a little thickened and undulate at the margin, broadly elliptic to ovate, the terminal one up to 14·3 × 7·8 cm., symmetric at the base, the lateral ones up to 14 × 7 cm., symmetric or asymmetric, all rounded or somewhat cuneate at the base and with petiolule 0·5–1 cm. long, not much thickened, canaliculate, not wrinkled; lateral nerves and the narrow reticulation slightly raised above, more so below; tertiary nerves collected in an oblique one directed towards the lateral nerve-axil.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles 7–34 cm. long, terminal and axillary, much branched; pedicels up to 2 mm. long; flower-bud purple-red, globose, obtuse.
    Male
    Male flower: calyx c. 2·5 × 3·5 mm., very shallowly lobulate; petals pink edged with cream outside, cream inside, c. 4 × 2 mm., oblong, acute, very fleshy, not thickened at the apex; stamens 12–16; filaments 0·75 mm. long; anthers 2 mm. long, oblong, apiculate.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: calyx 2·5 × 3 mm., glabrous, cupuliform; petals as in the male flower but narrower; staminodes 5, c. 2 mm. long; ovary 1·75 mm. in diam., glabrous, ovoid, attenuate into a style 1–1·5 mm. long. Male flower: calyx c. 2·5 × 3·5 mm., very shallowly lobulate; petals pink edged with cream outside, cream inside, c. 4 × 2 mm., oblong, acute, very fleshy, not thickened at the apex; stamens 12–16; filaments 0·75 mm. long; anthers 2 mm. long, oblong, apiculate.
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx 2·5 × 3 mm., glabrous, cupuliform; petals as in the male flower but narrower; staminodes 5, c. 2 mm. long; ovary 1·75 mm. in diam., glabrous, ovoid, attenuate into a style 1–1·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe orange to red, c. 2 × 1·2 cm., ellipsoid.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 5–10 m. high; stem 30–55 cm. in diameter; branchlets glabrous but later covered with numerous lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; petiole and rachis 15–25 cm. long, terete; petiolules 4–8 mm. long; leaflets (5–)9–13(–15), opposite or subopposite, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic oblong, lower ones 5–11(–13) cm. long, 2–5 cm. broad, terminal one up to 14.8 cm. long, acuminate to cuspidate at the apex, cuneate or subobtuse at the base, margin entire and slightly undulate, papyraceous or subcoriaceous; lateral nerves 10–14 pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles up to 20 cm. long, terminal and axillary, pyramidal and somewhat lax, glabrous or barely puberulous; bracts lanceolate, 1–1.5 mm. long, subpuberulous; pedicels 0.2–3 mm. long, terete.
    Buds
    Flower buds globose, glabrous.
    Male
    Male flowers:calyx 0.5–1 mm. long; lobes triangular; petals oblong-ovate, thick, 3–4 mm. long, 1.8–2 mm. broad, red to purplish violet; stamens 11–21; filaments 0.3–0.5 mm. long; anthers 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to ♂; staminodes 5–6; ovary ovoid, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter, glabrous. Male flowers:calyx 0.5–1 mm. long; lobes triangular; petals oblong-ovate, thick, 3–4 mm. long, 1.8–2 mm. broad, red to purplish violet; stamens 11–21; filaments 0.3–0.5 mm. long; anthers 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to ♂; staminodes 5–6; ovary ovoid, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Drupe ellipsoid-globose, 14–17 mm. long, 12–13 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Rain forest and semi-swamp forest; ± 1200 m.
    Distribution
    T1 U4
    [FWTA]

    Anacardiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, to 30 ft. high
    Leaves
    Leaves clustered at the ends of the branches
    Inflorescences
    Cauliflorous, with the inflorescences from ground level up to about 10 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers reddish
    Ecology
    In forest on hills.
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Weak-stemmed shrub or tree up to 10 m. tall; branches dark grey to brownish, striate; bark of the bole flaking into thin pieces of 5 × 2·5 cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, (1)3–7(9)-foliolate; petiole in the 1-foliolate leaves 1·5–2 cm. long, petiole and rhachis in the multifoliolate ones 2·5–20 cm. long, greyish-brown to yellowish, terete, striate, glabrous or ± pilose; leaflets light green, turning olive-green when dried, concolorous or nearly so, glabrous, except sometimes for the base of the midrib, ± rigidly coriaceous, the terminal 6·5–20 × 3–10 cm., obovate-elliptic to broadly elliptic, acute or ± cuneate at the base and petiolulate, the lateral ones 5·5–15 × 2·7–7·7 cm., oblong-elliptic or ovate, rounded or subacute at the base and petiolulate (petiolules 0·4–1 cm. long, canaliculate, somewhat swollen and wrinkled), ± rounded or usually shortly acuminate at the apex (acumen obtuse), and with very undulate pale-cartilaginous thickened margin; midrib prominent above and below; lateral nerves and reticulation whitish or lighter than the lamina, slightly prominent above, more so beneath, the tertiary nerves somewhat raised beneath as also the venation, collected into an oblique nerve directed towards the lateral-nerve-axils.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles up to 40 × 27 cm., axillary and terminal, pyramidal, lax, with ± pilose axis and branches, finally glabrescent; pedicels 1–3 mm. long, articulated near the middle.
    Buds
    Flower-bud ovoid, not apiculate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1·5–2 × c. 3 mm., cupuliform, lobulate, the lobules c. 0·5 mm. long, rounded, ciliolate.
    Corolla
    Petals cream-yellow, oblong-elliptic, acute, fleshy, with an inner apical cuneiform thickening and longitudinally cristate along the median line on the inner side, glabrous.
    Anthers
    Anthers c. 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe blackish-violet at maturity, 15–20 × 12–15 × 8–10 mm., globose-ellipsoid, asymmetric.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Sorindeia juglandifolia (A.Rich.) Planch. ex Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2002 Guinea K000423259
    Oct 1, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [F4739], Zambia K000423241 holotype
    Oct 1, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [F4060], Zambia K000423242 paratype
    Oct 1, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [F3505], Zambia K000423244 paratype
    Oct 1, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [F3505], Zambia K000423245 paratype
    Oct 1, 2002 White, F. [3128], Zambia K000423243 paratype
    Oct 1, 2002 Angus, A. [260], Zambia K000423246 isotype
    Oct 1, 2002 Gossweiler [14017], Angola K000423238 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 2002 Gossweiler [14017], Angola K000423239 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 2002 Gossweiler [9313], Angola K000423240 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 2002 Mann, G. [796], Sierra Leone K000423262
    Oct 1, 2002 Bamps, P. [395], Congo, DRC K000423250 isotype
    Oct 1, 2002 Oldfield [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000423260
    Oct 1, 2002 Oldfield [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000423261
    Oct 1, 2002 Don [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000423263 Unknown type material
    McKey [172], Cameroon 39235.000
    Santo, E. [1742], Guinea-Bissau 9851.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2796A], Zambia Sorindeia claessensii 11486.000

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 440 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2017). Flore du Gabon 50: 1-77. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 407–409, t. 86, 4–5.
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 174
    • Chev. Bot. 160, partly
    • F.T.A. 1: 440 (1868), incl. var. divaricata Oliv.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0