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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mountains from Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Rhamnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Height
To 25 ft. high
Ecology
In montane woodland and margins of montane forest
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits red.

[FZ]

Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, sometimes scrambling; bark blackish, often with many lenticels; young branches pubescent, glabrescent with age.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; lamina 3–10 × 1·5–4 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic, apex acute or acutely acuminate, margin serrulate, base cuneate or rounded, glabrous, shining, with nerves impressed above, pubescent on nerves below, tertiary venation conspicuous; petiole 3–10 mm. long, pubescent; stipules subulate, up to 5 mm, long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a sessile axillary 2–10-flowered fascicle; pedicels 2–7 mm. long, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, deltate, c. 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, small, spathulate, hyaline or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Stamen-filaments 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2·5 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3(4)-locular; ovules 1 in each loculus; style 2 mm. long, 3(4)-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit turning through red to purple-black when ripe, c. 5 mm. in diam., slightly fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–4, obconic.

[FTEA]

Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees up to 8 m. tall, the branches sometimes scrambling or sprawling.
Morphology Branches
Year-old branches blackish, lenticellate, glabrate; youngest twigs usually minutely pubescent with dark spreading hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic-ovate to ovate-elliptic or narrowly so, (1–)2–10 cm. long, (8–)14–40 mm. wide, rounded to cuneate at base, acuminate, firm, lustrous, nearly glabrous except for minute hairs on the major nerves beneath, glandular-serrulate, on each side of midrib with 4–6 secondary nerves which are impressed above, prominulent beneath; petioles (3–)5–10 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules subulate, 3–5 mm. long, minutely pubescent, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rarely solitary, usually in fascicles of 2–3(–8), 5-merous; pedicels filiform, minutely pubescent, 3–10 mm. long in flower, 7–15 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Cup minutely pubescent externally, 2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ± 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals spatulate, ± 1 mm. long, or usually absent in East African populations.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit nearly globose, 5–6 mm. thick, reddish.
Figures
Fig. 6.
Habitat
Forest, evergreen bushland and thicket; 700–3700 m.
Distribution
Ethiopia to South Africa (Cape Province) and W. to Cameroun and Angola K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3

Native to:

Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Rhamnus prinoides L'Hér. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2007 Cheek, M. [13612], Cameroon K000580208
Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4368], Cameroon K000027196
Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7265], Cameroon K000027197
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3054], Cameroon K000337643
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3120], Cameroon K000337642
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2270], Cameroon K000337641
Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8710], Cameroon K000337637
May 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [275], Cameroon K000337635
Oct 1, 1997 Etuge, M. [3560], Cameroon K000337636
Mar 1, 1997 Zapfack, L. [1113], Cameroon K000337638
Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [726], Cameroon K000337639
Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [3128], Cameroon K000093343
Jan 1, 1971 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8933], Cameroon K000093340
Jul 16, 1957 Schimper [1276], Ethiopia K000036305
Ash [1060], Ethiopia 35519.000
Andrews, F.W. [1881], Sudan 9804.000
Andrews, F.W. [1979], Sudan 9805.000
Schimper [1276], Ethiopia K000036306
Franqueville [s.n.], Ethiopia K000419654
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28391], Cameroon K000093337
Hepper, F.N. [2138], Cameroon K000093339
Cheek, M. [8417], Cameroon K000337640

First published in Sert. Angl.: 6, t. 9 (1789)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Johnston, M.C. (1972). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rhamnaceae: 1-40.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Engl. Pflanzenw. Afr. 3, 2: 311
  • F.T.A. 1: 382
  • Sert. Angl. 6, t. 9 (1788)
  • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 15: 403, fig. 48.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 191–256 (1953).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 501 (1960).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 391 (1961).
  • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas: 311 (1921).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 255 (1895).
  • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 489 (1914)
  • Evrard in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 433 (1960).
  • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 31 (1956).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 227 (1962).
  • Fiori in Rev. Agric. Subtrop. & Tropic. 5, Suppl. 12: 14 (1912).
  • Hemsl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 382 (1868).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 468 (1949).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa. ed. 2. 1: 670 (1958).
  • L’Hérit., Sert. Angl.: 6, t. 9 (1788).
  • R.B. Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 427, fig. 89/B (1966).
  • Staner in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 15: 403 (1939).
  • Verdc. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 358 (1957).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 325 (1952).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0