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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.
Ziziphus mucronata Willd.

[FZ]

Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree to 12 m. in height; branchlets glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina ovate to broadly ovate, 4–7·7 × 2·8–4·7 cm., apex obtuse to acute or often mucronate, margin serrulate, base subcordate, markedly asymmetric, 3-nerved from the base, glabrous, glabrescent to tomentose; petiole up to 7 mm. long, glabrescent to tomentose; stipules usually spinescent, usually one hooked and one straight at each node.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes glabrescent to tomentose, sessile or shortly pedunculate; pedicels (1) 2 (-5) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals up to 2 mm. long, deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals cucullate with the limb ± 1 mm. in diam. and the claw 0·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filaments up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. in diam., 10-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary immersed in the disk; style shortly 2-fid, up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits globose, c. 1·5 cm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds compressed.
Seedling
In seedlings the leaves are small and the spinescent stipules well-developed.
Morphology General Spines
Often an individual will show a tendency not to produce spines, but usually a few branches on the tree can be found with spinescent stipules.

[FTEA]

Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small trees to 15(–30) m. tall, armed with spinous stipules or rarely unarmed.
Morphology General Bark
Bark of bole dark grey, smooth to rough to corrugated;slash-wood crimson, soft.
Morphology Branches
Year-old branches often zig-zag.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate, (2–)3–6(–8) cm. long, (l.3–)2–3.5(–4.7) cm. wide, at base often markedly asymmetrical, rounded or rarely very shallowly cordate, acute, often acuminate or rarely obtuse, serrulate, 3-nerved from base, the nerves of the dull upper surface only slightly if at all impressed; petioles 2–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes (5–)10–15 mm. long, and about as thick, (3–)7–25-flowered; peduncles 1–3 mm. long; pedicels 1–3 mm. long in flower, 3–5 mm. long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1.5–2 mm. long, spreading in flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1–1.5 mm. long, spreading in flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-celled; stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, 12–20 mm. thick, reddish or reddish brown at maturity.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Widespread in drier parts of tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, and in Arabia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree up to 10 m or more tall, usually ± spiny but sometimes unarmed; bark dark grey, fissured; branchlets reddish to brownish
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous or puberulous on petiole and midrib; petiole 2–13 mm long; blade ovate, 2–9 x 1.5–6 cm, serrulate or crenulate, usually acute to acuminate at the apex, often asymmetrical at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers glabrous, yellowish-green, in few- to many-flowered cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1.5–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1–1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe 10–15 mm in diam., reddish.

[FWTA]

Rhamnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An erect or scandent shrub (or, in other parts of Africa, a tree)
Morphology Branches
Dark reddish-brown branchlets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-yellow.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Buffalo thorn, Shiny-leaf wait-a-bit

Ziziphus mucronata Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 13, 2008 Crawford, F. [170], Namibia K000450362
Ash [348], Ethiopia 6049.347
Eyles, F. [8917], Zimbabwe 9807.000
Choa [s.n.], Ethiopia K000036281 Unknown type material

First published in Enum. Pl.: 251 (1809)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Johnston, M.C. (1972). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rhamnaceae: 1-40.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 359–361, t. 74, 5.
  • Chev. Bot. 136
  • Enum. Pl. Berol. 251 (1809)
  • F.T.A. 1: 380

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Johnston, M.C. (1972). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rhamnaceae: 1-40.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 394 (1961).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 255 (1895).
  • Evrard in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 441 (1960).
  • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 28 (1956).
  • Hemsl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 380 (1868).
  • Hutch. & Bruce in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew (1941).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 470 (1949).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 669 (1958).
  • R.B. Drummond in Bull. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 39: 57 (1965)
  • R.B. Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 422 (1966).
  • Verdc, in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 355 (1957).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 328 (1952).
  • Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol.: 251 (1809).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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