1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cuscuta L.
      1. Cuscuta campestris Yunck.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. America, Caribbean. W. South America.

    [FWTA]

    Convolvulaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A parasite like the last (Cuscuta australis)
    Ecology
    Very common in some parts of tropical Africa and a serious pest on cultivated plants.
    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    Stems yellowish (drying pale brownish straw-colour), slender, mostly 0.1–0.3 mm. in diameter.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, about 1.5 mm. long and broad, and only 2.5 mm. when the capsule is mature, greenish-yellow, in rather compact cymose clusters; pedicels mostly shorter than the flowers.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes obtuse or somewhat acute.
    Corolla
    Corolla-lobes triangular, acute, equalling the corolla-tube.
    Stamens
    Stamens shorter than the lobes; filaments about 1 mm. long.
    Scales
    Scales large, adnate only at the base, much fringed apically and almost or quite reaching the anthers.
    Style
    Styles about 1 mm. long, slender.
    Fruits
    Capsule depressed-globose, not splitting at the base, drying pale brownish straw-colour; intrastylar opening small, ± 0.75 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 1 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Parasitic on Clover ( Trifolium) and a variety of other plants, sometimes spreading to forest undergrowth; 1000–2000 m.
    Distribution
    an American species widely naturalized in the Old World. K3 K4 K6 T2 U4
    [FZ]

    Cuscutaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    Stems slender, up to 0.3 mm. in diam.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences very dense cymose globose clusters.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 2 mm. long and broad, greenish-yellow, often glandular; pedicels usually shorter than the flowers.
    Calyx
    Calyx about enclosing the corolla tube, broadly campanulate; lobes ovate to circular or broadly triangular, usually obtuse to rounded, mostly overlapping when young.
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate; lobes triangular, acute, equalling the corolla tube, spreading with often inflexed apices.
    Stamens
    Stamens shorter than corolla lobes; filaments longer than, or about equalling, the anthers.
    Scales
    Scales large, adnate only at base, much-fringed apically and almost or quite reaching the anthers.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose; styles slender, becoming thicker and conspicuous in fruit.
    Fruits
    Capsule usually depressed-globose with a depression around the style bases, not splitting at the base, with the intrastylar opening small.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovate, about 1 mm. long, flattened on one side.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Guatemala

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, California, Central European Rus, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Haiti, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China Southeast, Chita, Cook Is., Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Niue, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Palestine, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Seychelles, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Siberia, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Cuscuta campestris Yunck. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2006 Lindheimer, F.J. [126], Texas K000195797 Unknown type material
    Sep 1, 1959 Hepper, F.N. [1980], Cameroon K000028552
    New Guinea 30718.000
    Pakistan 31522.000
    Paraguay 38642.000
    6647.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [6453], United Kingdom 17692.000
    Verdcourt, B., Kenya 16380.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2262], Uganda 27330.000
    Lewis, D.H., United Kingdom 1104.000
    Chater, A.O., United Kingdom 52215.000

    First published in Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 138 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Berry, M. (2019). Adventures and aliens news 17 BSBI News 141: 41-47.
    • Staples, G. (2018). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 36: 1-406. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Jafri, E., Asssadi, M. & Ghanbarian, G.A. (2016). A revision of Convolvulaceae family in Iran Iranian Journal of Botany 22: 23-29.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Kiew, R. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series II: Seed Plants, volume 5 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-319.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Baliousis, E. (2014). Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 275-285.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Verloove, F. (2013). New xenophytes from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain), with emphasis on naturalised and (potentially) invasive species Collectanea Botanica 32: 59-82.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Oganesian, M.E. (2013). The genus Cuscuta L. (Cuscutaceae) in Armenia Takhtajania 2: 50-53.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Spaulding, D. in Spaulding, D. (2013). Convolvulaceae Checklist of Alabama's vascular flora: 137-139.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Staples, G. (with P. Traiperm) (2010). Convolvulaceae Flora of Thailand 10: 330-468. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Lisowski, S. in Lisowski, S. (2009). Convolvulaceae Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée: 136-145. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Carranza, E. (2008). Convolvulaceae II Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes 155: 1-107.
    • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
    • Getachew Aweke & S. Edwards (2006). 159B. Cuscutaceae Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 232-234. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Liogier, H.A. & L.F. Martorell in Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis: 162-167. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
    • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Cuscutaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 862-865. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Voss, E.G. in Voss, E.G. (1996). Convolvulaceae Michigan Flora, part III, Dicots 3: 95-104. Cranbrook Institute of Science.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1995). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 7: 1-394. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Convolvulaceae Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 491-503. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Liogier, A.H. in Liogier, A. H. (1994). Convolvulaceae La flora de la Española 6: 49-114. Universidad Central del Este.
    • Smith, A.C. in Smith, A.C. (1991). Fl. Vitiensis Nova Convolvulaceae Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 41-69. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Webb, C.J., W.R. Sykes, & P.J. Garnock-Jones (1988). Fl. New Zealand Convolvulaceae - naturalised Flora of New Zealand 4: 547-560+1289. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Cuscutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 130-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora Cyprus CNV Flora of Cyprus 2: 1166-1179. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Austin, D.F. in Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1161-1190. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Austin, D.F. in Lasser, T. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora de Venezuela 8(3): 15-226. Fundación Educación Ambiental.
    • Martin, W.C. & C.R. Hutchins in Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins (1981). Convolvulaceae A flora of New Mexico 2: 1546-1569.
    • Austin, D.F. (1980). Studies of the Florida Convolvulaceae -- III. Cuscuta Florida Scientist 43: 294-302.
    • Wiggins, I.L. in Wiggins, I.L. (1980). Convolvulaceae Flora of Baja California: 373-385. Stanford Univ. Press.
    • Powell, Dulcie A. (1979). The Convolvulaceae of the Lesser Antilles Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 60: 219-271.
    • Plitmann, U. in Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Cuscutaceae Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 222-237. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet. M.-H. (1977). Flora of Micronesia 3: Convolvulaceae Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 36: 1-34.
    • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela in Long, R. W. & O. Lakela (1976). Convolvulaceae A flora of tropical Florida: 711-724. Banyan Books.
    • Butkov, A.Y. (1974). Cuscuta in Fl. USSR Flora of the USSR 19: 30-57. Science Publishers, Inc.
    • Adams, C.D. in Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 601-614. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Standley, P.C. & Williams, L.O. (1970). Convolvulaceae Fieldiana Botany New Series 24 (9: 1,2): 4-85. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • Correll, D.S. & M.C. Johnston in Correll, D.S. & M.C Johnston (1970). Cuscuta, in Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas Manual of the vascular plants of Texas: 1255-1261. Texas Research Foundation.
    • Yuncker, T.G. & Rechinger, K.H. (1964). Cuscutaceae for Flora Iranica Flora Iranica 8: 1-16. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • Kitamura, S. in Kitamura, S. (1960). Fl. Afghanistan Convolvulaceae Flora of Afghanistan 2: 309-313. Kyoto University.
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. in Leon, H. (1957). Convolvulaceae Flora de Cuba 4: 218-248. Cultural S. A., La Habana.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Fernald & Rollins in Fernald, M.L. with R. C. Rollins (1950). Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th edition: 1177-1185. Dioscorides Press.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1932). The genus Cuscuta Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 18: 113-331. New York Botanical Garden.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Cuscuta pentagona.]
    • Kartesz, J.T. in Kartesz, J.T. (1994). Convolvulaceae, Cuscutaceae A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland 1: 217-221-& 227-228. Timber Press. [Cited as Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona.]
    • Cronquist, A. et al. in Cronquist, A., et al. (1984). Convolvulaceae Intermountain Flora, vascular plants of the intermountain west, U.S.A. 4: 74-84. New York Botanical garden. [Cited as Cuscuta pentagona.]
    • Scoggan, H.J. in Scoggan, H.J. (1979). Convolvulaceae The Flora of Canada 4: 1253-1257. National Museum of Natural Sciences. [Cited as Cuscuta pentagona.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6: 648 (1958)
    • Verdcourt in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 18: 85-86 (1952)
    • van Ooststr. in Blumea 3: 68
    • in Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 138, fig. 14 (1932)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Jafri, E., Asssadi, M. & Ghanbarian, G.A. (2016). A revision of Convolvulaceae family in Iran Iranian Journal of Botany 22: 23-29.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Kiew, R. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series II: Seed Plants, volume 5 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-319.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Verloove, F. (2013). New xenophytes from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain), with emphasis on naturalised and (potentially) invasive species Collectanea Botanica 32: 59-82.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Oganesian, M.E. (2013). The genus Cuscuta L. (Cuscutaceae) in Armenia Takhtajania 2: 50-53.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
    • Staples, G. (with P. Traiperm) (2010). Convolvulaceae Flora of Thailand 10: 330-468. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Lisowski, S. in Lisowski, S. (2009). Convolvulaceae Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée: 136-145. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Carranza, E. (2008). Convolvulaceae II Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes 155: 1-107.
    • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
    • Carranza, E. (2007). Convolvulaceae I, in Fl. Bajío Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes 151: 1-129.
    • Getachew Aweke & S. Edwards (2006). 159B. Cuscutaceae Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 232-234. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Malyschev, L.I. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 11: 1-310. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Liogier, H.A. & L.F. Martorell in Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis: 162-167. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
    • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Cuscutaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 862-865. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Voss, E.G. in Voss, E.G. (1996). Convolvulaceae Michigan Flora, part III, Dicots 3: 95-104. Cranbrook Institute of Science.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1995). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 7: 1-394. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Convolvulaceae Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 491-503. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Liogier, A.H. in Liogier, A. H. (1994). Convolvulaceae La flora de la Española 6: 49-114. Universidad Central del Este.
    • Smith, A.C. in Smith, A.C. (1991). Fl. Vitiensis Nova Convolvulaceae Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 41-69. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Webb, C.J., W.R. Sykes, & P.J. Garnock-Jones (1988). Fl. New Zealand Convolvulaceae - naturalised Flora of New Zealand 4: 547-560+1289. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Cuscutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 130-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora Cyprus CNV Flora of Cyprus 2: 1166-1179. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Austin, D.F. in Lasser, T. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora de Venezuela 8(3): 15-226. Fundación Educación Ambiental.
    • Martin, W.C. & C.R. Hutchins in Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins (1981). Convolvulaceae A flora of New Mexico 2: 1546-1569.
    • Wiggins, I.L. in Wiggins, I.L. (1980). Convolvulaceae Flora of Baja California: 373-385. Stanford Univ. Press.
    • Powell, Dulcie A. (1979). The Convolvulaceae of the Lesser Antilles Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 60: 219-271.
    • Plitmann, U. in Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Cuscutaceae Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 222-237. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet. M.-H. (1977). Flora of Micronesia 3: Convolvulaceae Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 36: 1-34.
    • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela in Long, R. W. & O. Lakela (1976). Convolvulaceae A flora of tropical Florida: 711-724. Banyan Books.
    • Butkov, A.Y. (1974). Cuscuta in Fl. USSR Flora of the USSR 19: 30-57. Science Publishers, Inc.
    • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Standley, P.C. & Williams, L.O. (1970). Convolvulaceae Fieldiana Botany New Series 24 (9: 1,2): 4-85. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • Correll, D.S. & M.C. Johnston in Correll, D.S. & M.C Johnston (1970). Cuscuta, in Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas Manual of the vascular plants of Texas: 1255-1261. Texas Research Foundation.
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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
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    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0