1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Craterispermum Benth.
      1. Craterispermum schweinfurthii Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Shrub or small to medium tree 1.8–15 m. tall, glabrous; bark greyish white, rough warty with old swollen nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades usually yellow-green when dry, (5)7–18 x 2–7.3 cm., elliptic, oblong, obovate or oblanceolate, ± obtuse to distinctly shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, often ± coriaceous; venation closely reticulate; petiole 1–1.7 cm. long; stipules 2.5–5 mm. long, the thicker deltoid part often with a few stiff hairs at its apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences supra-axillary (sometimes only slightly so), compact and subcapitate, several-flowered; peduncles mostly stout, compressed, 2–10 mm. long, thickened apically; bracts and bracteoles triangular, keeled, c. 1.5 mm. long, acuminate, very congested.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.7–1.5 mm. long; limb 0.9–1.4 mm. long, slightly toothed, the teeth 0.3–0.5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, sometimes tinged pink in bud, sweetly scented; tube 3.5–5.6 mm. long, densely hairy inside at the throat; lobes 3–5.8 mm. long, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate, hairy inside at least at the base.
    Anthers
    Anthers with tips just exserted in long-styled flowers, completely exserted and reaching to or nearly to the tips of the corolla lobes in short-styled flowers.
    Pistil
    Style 7–7.5 mm. long in long-styled flowers, well exserted, 2.6–4 mm. long in short-styled flowers, included; stigma lobes linear-clavate, 1.3–2.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit brown when dry but described as green or black, 5–6(7 in spirit material) mm. long and wide, subglobose or ellipsoid, sessile.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, shining, bowl-shaped, longest dimension 3.4 mm., shorter dimension 2 mm., the depression deep and rounded.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or small to medium tree 1.8–15 m. tall, glabrous; bark greyish white, warty with old swollen nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic, oblong, obovate or oblanceolate, usually yellow-green when dry, (5–)7–17 cm. long, 2–7.3 cm. wide, ± obtuse to distinctly shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, often ± coriaceous; venation closely reticulate; petiole 1–1.7 cm. long; stipules 2.5–5 mm. long, the thicker deltoid part often with a few stiff hairs at its apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences supra-axillary (sometimes only slightly so), compact and subcapitate, several-flowered; peduncles mostly stout, compressed, 2–10 mm. long, thickened apically; bracts and bracteoles triangular, keeled, ± 1.5 mm. long, acuminate, very congested.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 0.7–1.5 mm. long; limb 0.9–1.4 mm. long, slightly toothed, the teeth 0.3–0.5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, sometimes tinged pink in bud, sweetly scented; tube 3.5–5.6 mm. long, densely hairy inside at the throat; lobes oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate, 3–5.8 mm. long, hairy inside at least at the base.
    Anthers
    Anthers with tips just exserted in long-styled flowers, completely exserted and reaching to or nearly to the tips of the corolla-lobes in short-styled flowers.
    Pistil
    Style 7–7.5 mm. long in long-styled flowers, well exserted, 2.6–4 mm. long in short-styled flowers, included; stigma-lobes linear-clavate, 1.3–2.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit brown when dry but described as green or black, subglobose or ellipsoid, 5–6 (–7 in spirit material) mm. long and wide, sessile.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, shining, bowl-shaped, longest dimension 3.4 mm., shorter dimension 2 mm., the depression deep and rounded.
    Figures
    Fig. 16, p. 163.
    Habitat
    Evergreen fringing forest of lakes and streams, swamp forest and drier evergreen forest, also in thickets, etc.; (0–)1050–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K5 P T1 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Craterispermum schweinfurthii Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Sonke, B. [2957], Central African Republic K000265398
    Jan 1, 2009 Sonke, B. [2820], Central African Republic K000265399
    Jan 1, 2009 Sonke, B. [2840], Central African Republic K000265400
    Jan 1, 2009 Gereau, R.E. et al. [5423], Zaire K000265401
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2789], Zambia 31116.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [393], Uganda 4691.000
    Troupin, G. [3423], Congo, DRC 866.000
    Troupin, G. [3428], Congo, DRC 867.000
    Troupin, G. [3743], Congo, DRC 868.000
    Troupin, G. [3821], Congo, DRC 869.000
    Troupin, G. [3839], Congo, DRC 870.000
    White, F. [3110], Zambia 12186.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [2935], Sudan K000379487 Unknown type material
    Dowsett-Lemaire, F. [2522], Mozambique K000614132

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 161 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 28: 434 (1974).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 433 (1952).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 386 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 162 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0