1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cuviera DC.
      1. Cuviera semseii Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D. Bridson. Flora Zambesiaca 5:2. 1998

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 2–6 m tall, with grey-brown rugulose glabrous lenticellate branchlets.
    Leaves
    Leaves 4.4–8.5 × 1.6–4 cm, elliptic, acuminate at the apex, the actual tip sometimes narrowly rounded, cuneate at the base, thin, glabrous above, with hairy domatia in the main nerve axils and sparse long setae beneath; petioles 5–13 mm long, glabrous or sparsely setose; stipules 5 × 1 mm, linear-triangular to oblong, rather thick, ± acute; nodes bristly within.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, opposite, several- to many-flowered, the branches ± bifariously shortly pubescent; peduncles 5 mm long; secondary peduncles up to 10 mm long; bracts and bracteoles 2–5 × 0.5–1.5 mm, oblong-oblanceolate; true pedicels 1–2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 2 mm long and wide, subglobose to turbinate; lobes 4–5, 6–15 × (2)4.7–6 mm, ovate to lanceolate, acuminate, narrowed and often with colleters at the base, leaf-like, nervose, sparsely to densely pubescent and ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow or greenish-yellow; tube 4.5 mm long, 3 mm wide at the base and apex, 3.75 mm wide at the middle, glabrous outside, with a ring of deflexed bristles 1 mm long inside; lobes 5, 5–6 × 1.5 mm, linear-triangular, acuminate, sparsely to densely pilose outside.
    Ovary
    Ovary 5-locular.
    Style
    Style 7.5–9 mm long, narrowed towards the apex.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1.1 mm long, cylindrical.
    Fruits
    Fruits about 3–3.5 × 2.5 cm, subglobose, glabrous and a little shining, angular and wrinkled when dry.
    Pyrene
    Pyrenes about 2.5 cm long, sharply keeled.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 2–6 m. tall, with grey-brown rugulose glabrous lenticellate branchlets; lateral branches sometimes reduced to spines 2.5 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic, 4.4–8.5 cm. long, 1.6–4 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, the actual tip sometimes narrowly rounded, cuneate at the base, thin, glabrous above, with hairy domatia in the main nerve-axils and sparse long setae beneath; petioles 0.5–1.3 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely setose; stipules linear-triangular to oblong, 5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, rather thick, ± acute, the nodes bristly within.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, opposite, several–many-flowered, the branches ± bifariously shortly pubescent; peduncles 5 mm. long; secondary peduncles up to 1 cm. long; bracts and bracteoles oblong-oblanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, 0.5–1.5 mm. wide; true pedicels 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube subglobose to turbinate, 2 mm. long and wide; lobes 4–5, ovate to lanceolate, 0.6–1.5 cm. long, (2–)4.7–6 mm. wide, acuminate, narrrowed and often with colleters at the base, leafy, nervose, ± pubescent and ciliate (densely so in S. Malawi).
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow or greenish yellow; tube 4.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide at base and apex, 3.75 mm. wide at the middle, glabrous outside, with a ring of deflexed bristles 1 mm. long inside; lobes 5, linear-triangular, 5–6 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, acuminate, sparsely pilose outside.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular; style 7.5–9 mm. long, narrowed towards the apex; stigmatic club cylindric, 1.1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose, ± 3–3.5 cm. long, 2.5 cm. wide, glabrous and a little shining, angular and wrinkled when dry; pyrenes of extraordinary characteristic shape, 2.3 cm. long, 1.4 cm. wide and 1.3 cm. thick, the outer part with radial faces forming conspicuous curved wings which form a rough V-shape in transverse section, either symmetrically 3-winged with two laterals forming a V-shape and shorter than the dorsal mid-wing or asymmetrical, one or both laterals much reduced, sometimes to a mere incurved ridge.
    Figures
    Figs. 132/27, p. 754; 136, p. 772.
    Habitat
    Swamp forest, woodland and in thickets; 240–810 m.
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Cuviera semseii Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Semsei, S. [620], Tanzania K000412039 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 12: 449 (1957)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Verstraete, B., Lachenaud, O., Smets, E., Dessein, S. & Sonké, B. (2013). Taxonomy and phylogenetics of Cuviera (Rubiaceae - Vanguerieae) and reinstatement of Globulostylis with the description of three new species Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 173: 407-411.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 11: 449 (1957).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0