1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Danais Comm. ex Vent.
      1. Danais xanthorrhoea (K.Schum.) Bremek.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Climbing herb with branched stems 6–30 m. long, pubescent or puberulous when young but soon glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades obovate, elliptic or obovate-oblong, 3–12 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous; petioles 0.7–1.5 cm. long; stipules broadly triangular or acuminate, 1.5–2 mm. long, ± glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal and axillary inflorescences, sometimes forming ample panicles 2.2–6 cm. long, glabrous to pubescent; peduncles 0.4–3.5 cm. long; pedicels up to 3 mm. long; bracts subulate, 2–3.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube subglobose, 1 mm. long, pubescent or glabrous; lobes deltoid or ovate, 0.5–1 mm. long, up to 0.5 mm. wide, the margins and midrib ciliolate.
    Corolla
    Corolla at first yellow or greenish-white but later orange-red or tube white and lobes bright vermilion; tube 2.5–6 mm. long, 1 mm. wide at the base, 1.7 mm. wide at the apex, glabrous outside, densely yellow pilose in the throat, particularly in long-styled flowers; lobes lanceolate, 2.5–4 mm. long, 1–1.2 mm. wide, thickened at the apices, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens included in long-styled flowers but long-exserted in short-styled flowers.
    Pistil
    Style 7–8 mm. long in long-styled flowers and 3 mm. long in short-styled flowers, the stigma-arms filiform, 2–3(–4) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 3 mm. in diameter, glabrous or puberulous, the valves sulcate.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, 0.5–1 mm. in diameter, with a broad irregularly lacerate circumferential wing.
    Figures
    Fig. 20, p. 182.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest; (700–)900–1600 m.
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere T3 T6

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Danais xanthorrhoea (K.Schum.) Bremek. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1991 Greenway, P.J. [1051], Tanzania K000286690
    Nov 1, 1991 Peter, A. [55874], Tanzania K000286691
    Nov 1, 1991 Peter, A. [55874], Tanzania K000286692
    Nov 1, 1991 Mabberley, D.J. [666], Tanzania K000286696
    Nov 1, 1991 Hooper, S.S. [912], Tanzania K000286699
    Nov 1, 1991 Schlieben, H.J. [3446], Tanzania K000286706
    Nov 1, 1991 Schlieben, H.J. [3446], Tanzania K000286707
    Nov 1, 1991 Buchwald, J. [438], Tanzania K000286675 isotype
    Nov 1, 1978 Verdcourt, B. [292], Tanzania K000286679
    Nov 1, 1978 Verdcourt, B. [292], Tanzania K000286680
    Sep 1, 1974 Peter, A. [56112], Tanzania K000286688
    May 1, 1974 Peter, A. [55493], Tanzania K000286689
    May 1, 1974 Peter, A. [55872], Tanzania K000286693
    Jun 23, 1950 Zimmermann, A. [7931], Tanzania K000286677
    Jun 23, 1950 Braun, H.M.H. [1041], Tanzania K000286685
    Feb 19, 1948 Greenway, P.J. [3337], Tanzania K000286682
    Feb 19, 1948 Greenway, P.J. [1079], Tanzania K000286683
    Feb 19, 1948 Bruce, E.M. [755], Tanzania K000286703
    Feb 19, 1948 Bruce, E.M. [755], Tanzania K000286704
    Feb 19, 1948 Koritschoner, H. [1444], Tanzania K000286681
    Feb 19, 1948 Koritschoner, H. [724], Tanzania K000286694
    Verdcourt, B. [292], Tanzania 8536.000
    Greenway, P.J. [6073], Tanzania K000286678
    Drummond, R.B. [1584], Tanzania 4692.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1584], Tanzania K000286701
    Drummond, R.B. [1584], Tanzania K000286702
    Drummond, R.B. [1697], Tanzania K000286705
    Cribb, P.J. [11483], Tanzania K000286709
    Semsei, S.R. [3208], Tanzania K000286684
    Semsei, S.R. [1118], Tanzania K000286700
    Semsei, S.R. [2060], Tanzania K000286708
    Bidgood, S. [5069], Tanzania K000190297
    Jannerup, P.L. [216], Tanzania K000286698
    Kayombo, C.J. [1899], Tanzania K000286710
    Mwangoka, M.A. [300], Tanzania K000286686
    Mwangoka, M.A. [370], Tanzania K000286687
    Pocs, T. [87014], Tanzania K000286697
    Bremer, B. [3079], Tanzania K000286695

    First published in Kew Bull. 3: 190 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bremek. in Kew Bulletin 3: 190 (1948).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0