1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Kohautia Cham. & Schltdl.
      1. Kohautia grandiflora DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual erect sparsely branched or unbranched herb 10–80 cm. tall, the stems glabrous or sparsely scabridulous with minute white papillae.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, 2–10.5 cm. long, 0.7–9 mm. wide, tapering, acute or apiculate at the apex, narrowed to the base, minutely scabridulous above particularly near the margins, otherwise glabrous; stipule-sheath 1–1.5(–2) mm. long, adnate to the leaf-base, produced into (1–)2 closely adpressed fimbriae 0.5–3 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences corymbose or paniculate, often joined to form 2 wide corymbs up to 7 cm. wide; peduncle 0–7 cm. long; pedicels mostly very short, 0(–5) mm. long, finely scabridulous-papillate.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ovoid, 1–1.5 mm. long, papillate; lobes subulate, 1–2 mm. long, scabridulous.
    Corolla
    Corolla red, crimson-pink or less often rose or white, glabrous or very slightly scabridulous outside; tube narrowly cylindrical, 1.2–1.7 cm. long, the widened part 4–5 mm. long, 0.9–1.5 mm. wide; lobes elliptic, 0.45–1.1 cm. long, 2.5–7 mm. wide, acute and distinctly mucronate, the terminal mucro up to 1–2 mm. long, very distinct in the bud.
    Pistil
    Style 2.5–4.5 mm. long; stigma-lobes 1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, often compressed or depressed, 2–4.5 mm. long, 3–4(–5) mm. in diameter, glabrous; beak noticeably raised at dehiscence.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, angular, subconic, 0.5–0.8 mm. long, margined.
    Figures
    Fig. 29.
    Habitat
    Grassland and grassland with scattered Acacia etc., usually on seasonally inundated black clay soils, less often on stony soil; 1050–1400 m.
    Distribution
    U1 W. Africa from Senegal to Cameroun, Central African Republic and Sudan
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Slender erect herb 1 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers scarlet
    Ecology
    In savanna and as a weed of cultivation.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Ivory Coast, Mali

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo, Uganda

    Kohautia grandiflora DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Prodr. 4: 430 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bremek. in Verb. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Afd., Natuurk., sect. 2, 48: 88.
    • Prod. 4: 430 (1830)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 210, fig. 244 (1963).
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 88 (1952).
    • DC., Prodr. 4: 430 (1830).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0