1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia affinis (Roem. & Schult.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herb with erect scrambling or trailing stems 0.2–1.2 m. tall radiating from a woody rootstock; stems glabrous, with 2 raised lines on each internode below the stipules.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 1.2–8 x 0.1–1.6 cm., elliptic-oblong to elliptic- or linear-lanceolate, acute to tapering acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, scabridulous above particularly near the margins, glabrous beneath; petiole very short or not developed; stipule sheath 1 mm. long, with 1–5 short fimbriae or colleters 0.2–0.5 mm. long, sometimes with bristly hairs.
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous, in lax terminal or pseudo-axillary lax dichasia often running together to form ample panicles; pedicels 0.2–1(1.5) cm. long (up to 3 cm. in inflorescences reduced to 1 flower).
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.6–1 mm. long, subglobose, glabrous; lobes 0.5–1 mm. long, triangular, keeled, glabrous or with ciliate margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla dark blue, or blue-purple to deep violet; tube 3–4.5 mm. long, hairy inside; lobes 1.8–3.2 x 0.8–1.5 mm., elliptic or oblong.
    Pistil
    Style 3 mm. long in short-styled flowers, 4.5 mm. long in long-styled flowers; stigma lobes 1–3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2–2.8 x 2.2–2.5 mm., globose, glabrous, obscurely 8-ribbed, scarcely beaked, crowned by the calyx lobes.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, angular, c. 0.5 mm. long, hilum borne on one of the keels, reticulate.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A glabrous decumbent or straggling herb, stems about 2 ft. long, branched
    Flowers
    Flowers deep blue
    Ecology
    Amongst grass.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Perennial herb with erect scrambling or trailing stems 0.2–1.2 m. tall radiating from a woody rootstock; stems glabrous, with 2 raised lines on each internode below the stipules.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic-oblong to elliptic- or linear-lanceolate, 1.2–6.5 cm. long, 0.1–1.6 cm. wide, acute to tapering acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, scabridulous above particularly near the margins, glabrous beneath; petiole very short or not developed; stipule-sheath 1 mm. long, with 1–5 short fimbriae or colleters 0.2–0.5 mm. long, sometimes with bristly hairs.
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous, in lax terminal or pseudo-axillary lax dichasia often running together to form ample panicles; pedicels 0.2–1(–1.5) cm. long (up to 3 cm. in inflorescences reduced to 1 flower).
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube subglobose, 0.6–1 mm. long, glabrous; lobes triangular, 0.5–1 mm. long, keeled, glabrous or with ciliate margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla dark blue, blue-purple to deep violet; tube 3–4.5 mm. long, hairy inside; lobes elliptic or oblong, 1.8–3.2 mm. long, 0.8–1.5 mm. wide.
    Pistil
    Style 3 mm. long in short-styled flowers, 4.5 mm. long in long-styled flowers; stigma-lobes 1–1.3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, 2–2.8 mm. tall, 2.2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous, obscurely 8-ribbed, scarcely beaked, crowned by the calyx-lobes.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, angular, ± 0.5 mm. long, hilum borne on one of the keels, reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Oldenlandia affinis (Roem. & Schult.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2011 Kerr, A.F.G. [13669], Thailand K000760515
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9224], Nigeria 893.000
    Harvey [s.n.], South Africa K000414269
    Wight, R. [1313], India K000760533
    Krauss [305], South Africa K000414270
    Krauss [305], South Africa K000414271
    Plant, R.W. [69], South Africa K000414272
    Wallich, N. [6204], India K000031282 Unknown type material
    Rottler, J.P. [s.n.], India K000031281 Unknown type material

    First published in Prodr. 4: 428 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bremek. in Verb. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., sect. 2, 48: 226.
    • Prod. 4: 428 (1830)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 212 (1963).
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 226 (1952).
    • DC., Prodr. 4: 428 (1830).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0