1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia corymbosa L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual herb, sparsely to very densely branched near the base; stems prostrate to ± erect, 1.5–30 cm. long, ridged, glabrous or scabridulous or pubescent on the ribs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to narrowly elliptic, 0.6–3.5(–5.3) cm. long, 0.5–7 mm. wide, acute and apiculate at the apex, narrowed to the base, glabrous to sparsely scabridulous above and on margins and also beneath, particularly on the main nerve; petioles not developed; stipule-sheath 0.5–2(–3) mm. long, produced at the middle with (2–)3–5 unequal fimbriae, 0.5–1(–2.5) mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous, variously arranged, either 1–several single flowers in the axils or in 2–5(–6)-flowered pedunculate umbel-like inflorescences, both kinds present on one branch or even at one node, the peduncles and pedicels mostly long and slender but rarely the flowers are fasciculate; peduncles (0–)0.5–1.8(–2.3) cm. long; pedicels (1.8–)3–6(–13) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ellipsoid, 0.7–1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.5–1.8 mm. long, setulose on the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or tinged blue, pink or purple or with 2 pink stripes on each lobe; tube 0.6–1 mm. long; lobes ovate to oblong, 0.5–1.2 mm. long.
    Style
    Style 0.5–1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 1.2–2.2 mm. tall, (1–)1.8–2.8 mm. wide, the beak scarcely raised.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, ellipsoid or very obtusely depressed conic, ± 0.3 mm. long, reticulate.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 920 m.; Amazonia, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Annual herb, sparsely to very densely branched near the base; stems prostrate to ± erect, 1.5–30 cm. long, ridged, glabrous or scabridulous or pubescent on the ribs.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 0.6–3.5(5.3) cm. x 0.5–7 mm., linear to narrowly elliptic, acute and apiculate at the apex, narrowed to the base, glabrous to sparsely scabridulous above and on margins and also beneath, particularly on the main nerve; petioles not developed; stipule sheath 0.5–2(3) mm. long, produced at the middle with (2)3–5 unequal fimbriae, 0.5–1(2.5) mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous, variously arranged, either 1-several single flowers in the axils or in 2–5(6)-flowered pedunculate umbel-like inflorescences, both kinds present on one branch or even at one node, the peduncles and pedicels mostly long and slender but rarely the flowers are fasciculate; peduncles (0)0.5–1.8(2.3) cm. long; pedicels (1.8)3–6(13) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.7–1 mm. long, ellipsoid; lobes 0.5–1.8 mm. long, triangular, setulose on the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or tinged blue, pink or purple or with 2 pink stripes on each lobe; tube 0.6–1 mm. long; lobes 0.5–1.2 mm. long, ovate to oblong.
    Style
    Style 0.5–1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 1.2–2.2 x (1)1.8–2.8 mm., ovoid, the beak scarcely raised.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, c. 0.3 mm. long, ellipsoid or very obtusely depressed conic, reticulate.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect and diffusely branched herb, nearly glabrous, up to 1 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers white or mauve
    Ecology
    A weed of cultivation and beside paths.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Philippines

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Seychelles, South Carolina, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Oldenlandia corymbosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [172], Cape Verde K001134154
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [172], Cape Verde K001134155
    Jan 1, 2002 Noblick, L.R. [2984], Brazil K001136482
    Jul 1, 1958 Warnecke [173], Togo K000414340 Unknown type material
    Pedersen, T.M. [7766], Brazil K001136490
    Maas, P.J.M. [497], Brazil K001136487
    Lanna [501], Brazil K001136488
    Gardner, G. [928], Brazil K001136484
    Gardner, G. [6038], Brazil K001136485
    Fuentes, de la Rosa [PPI 38621], Philippines K000173126
    Kassner, T. [781], Kenya K000414311 Unknown type material
    Lowe, J. [4062], Brazil K001136489
    Hamilton, W.D. [238], Brazil K001136491
    Gardner [6038], Brazil K001136486
    Glaziou [10952], Brazil K001136483
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6202], India Hedyotis corymbosa K001123281
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6202], India Hedyotis corymbosa K001123282
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6202], India Hedyotis corymbosa K001123283

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 119 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Terrell, E.E. & Robinson, H. (2006). Taxonomy of North American species of Oldenlandia (Rubiaceae) Sida 22: 305-329.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B., Klein, R.M. (2005). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 2: 349-842. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Halford, D.A. (1992). Review of the genus Oldenlandia L. (Rubiaceae) and related genera in Australia Austrobaileya 3: 683-722.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

    Not accepted by

    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii. [Cited as Hedyotis corymbosa.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 77.
    • Bremek. in Verb. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., sect. 2, 48: 254, incl. var. microcarpa Bremek. (1952)
    • Chev. Bot. 311
    • F.T.A. 3: 62
    • Sp. Pl. 119 (1753)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Terrell, E.E. & Robinson, H. (2006). Taxonomy of North American species of Oldenlandia (Rubiaceae) Sida 22: 305-329.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B., Klein, R.M. (2005). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 2: 349-842. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 401, fig. as “ linearis ” (1974).
    • Hallé, Fl. Gabon, 12 Rubiacées: 99, fig. 17/3 (1966).
    • Lewis in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 257 (1966).
    • Lewis in Grana Palynologica 5: 330 (1964)
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 211 (1963).
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 254 (1952).
    • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 132 (1931), pro parte.
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 375 (1895), pro parte.
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 62 (1877), pro parte.
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 119 (1753).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0