1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia cryptocarpa Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to E. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual erect herb 6–16 cm. tall, 4–many branched at the base, the branches often decumbent at the base, densely pubescent with white spreading hairs ± 1 mm. long, mostly arranged bifariously.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 9 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide, acute at the apex, merging at the base with the stipule sheath and the lower epidermal cells becoming larger and more evident in this hyaline area, discolorous, rather densely scabrid-pubescent above and on the margins and prominent midnerve beneath; petiole undeveloped; stipule-sheath and leaf-bases combined, forming a hairy cup up to ± 2 mm. tall, 6 mm. wide, produced into a lobe ± 2 mm. long bearing 2 fimbriae 1–2 mm. long; the margins of the leaf-bases bear hairs ± 1 mm. long, distinctly longer than on the leaf margins higher up.
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous, in small terminal and apparently lateral sessile few-flowered heads ± 6 mm. wide, supported by the terminal leaves; the terminal head is often overtopped by 2 lateral branchlets from the terminal leaf-axils; pedicels almost obsolete.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obovoid, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, covered with long spreading hairs 0.8 mm. long; lobes narrowly lanceolate, 2.5–3 mm. long, joined at the base for 0.8 mm., the margins ciliate with hairs 0.5 mm. long, tipped with 1–2 longer hairs ± 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, narrowly funnel-shaped, 4–5 mm. long, glabrous inside; lobes oblong-elliptic, 2.2–3 mm. long, 0.8–1.2 mm. wide, hairy outside, papillate inside.
    Pistil
    Style 7 mm. long in long-styled flowers, 4.5 mm. long in short-styled flowers, the stigma-lobes 0.7 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide in the former, 0.5 mm. long and wide in the latter, in both cases inclusive of the long stigmatic hairs.
    Fruits
    Unripe capsules obovoid, 1.7 mm. long, 1.8 mm. wide, hairy.
    Seeds
    Ripe seeds not seen.
    Figures
    Fig. 40/13, p. 270, and 43, p. 289.
    Habitat
    Coastal bushland on black clay soil; 15 m.
    Distribution
    K7 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Somalia

    Oldenlandia cryptocarpa Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Polhill, R.M. [601], Kenya Oldenlandia borrerioides K000311628

    First published in Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 88 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0