1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual or perennial erect, decumbent or spreading branched herb 7–60 cm. tall, with glabrous 4-ribbed stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to linear-lanceolate, 0.6–5.5 cm. long, 1–3.5(–4) mm. wide, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous or with a few setae at the margins; petiole not developed; stipule-sheath short, rarely exceeding 0.5 mm., truncate, with a few setae ± 0.3 mm. long but not fimbriate.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually isostylous but in one variety markedly heterostylous, solitary or paired at the nodes; pedicels graceful, spreading (0.3–)0.8–3 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ovoid, 0.5–1 mm. long, glabrous, papillate or shortly hairy; lobes narrowly triangular, 0.5–2.5 mm. long, scabridulous on the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, lilac or mauve or tube green and lobes mauve with purple marks; tube cylindrical, 0.2–1.1 cm. long; lobes ovate, 1–3 mm. long.
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes filiform, 0.7–0.9 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule pale straw-coloured, subglobose, 2.2–5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, crowned by the blackish calyx-lobes, glabrous, papillate or shortly hairy; beak 0.8–1 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, ovoid to ellipsoid, angular, 0.2–0.4 mm. long, reticulate.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Annual or perennial erect, decumbent or spreading branched herb 1.5–60 cm. tall, with glabrous 4-ribbed stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 0.6–5.5 cm. x 1–3.5(5) mm., linear to linear-lanceolate, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous or with a few setae at the margins; petiole not developed; stipule sheath short, rarely exceeding 0.5 mm., truncate, with a few setae c. 0.3 mm. long but not fimbriate.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually isostylous but in one variety markedly heterostylous, solitary or paired at the nodes; pedicels graceful, spreading (0.3)0.8–3.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.5–1 mm. long, ovoid, glabrous, papillate or shortly hairy; lobes 0.5–2.5 mm. long, narrowly triangular, scabridulous on the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, lilac or mauve or tube green and lobes mauve with purple marks; tube 0.2–1.1 cm. long, cylindrical; lobes 1–3 mm. long, ovate.
    Stigma
    Stigma lobes filiform, 0.7–0.9 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule pale straw-coloured, 2.2–5 x 1.5–2 mm., subglobose, crowned by the blackish calyx lobes, glabrous, papillate or shortly hairy; beak 0.3–1 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, 0.2–0.4 mm. long, ovoid to ellipsoid, angular, reticulate.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect, diffusely branched weed a few inches to 1 ft. high.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Jawa, Malaya, New Guinea, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Sumatera, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam

    Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 25, 2005 Mhoro, B. [UMBCP 222], Tanzania K000173136
    Jul 25, 2005 Mhoro, B. [UMBCP 224], Tanzania K000173137
    Feb 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [399], Cameroon K000746454
    Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [844], Cameroon K000338467
    Feb 1, 1997 Etuge, M. [3342], Cameroon K000338468
    Davis, A.P. [1127], Madagascar 71560.000
    Onana, J.-M. [475], Cameroon K000338466
    Burchell [9287], Brazil K001136475

    First published in Hort. Bengal.: 11 (1814)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Rahman, M.O. (2004). Second list of angiospermic taxa of Bangladesh not included in Hooker's 'Flora of British India' and Prain's 'Bengal Plants': series I Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 77-82.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sen. 78.
    • Bremek. in Verb. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., sect. 2, 48: 244, incl. var. flaccida Bremek. l.c. 248
    • Hort. Bengal 11 (1814)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 401 (1974).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda, ed. 2: 160, fig. 101 (1972).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 212 (1963).
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 244 (1952).
    • DC., Prodr. 4: 425 (1830).
    • Roxb., Fl. Indica, ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 445 (1820).
    • Roxb., Hort. Bengal.: 11 (1814)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0