1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia lancifolia (Schumach.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial (rarely annual) straggling or prostrate herb, often much branched near the base into almost simple stems, (5)20–60(90) cm. long, which sometimes root at the nodes, glabrous or in some variants scabridulous when young; sometimes forming loose mats.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 1–6 x 0.2–1.2 cm., linear to linear-lanceolate, less often elliptic or lanceolate, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, scabridulous above near the margins, glabrous beneath or with midvein scabridulous; petioles not developed, very short and adnate to the stipule sheath which is 1 mm. long and bears 2–5 linear fimbriae 1.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous, often solitary at the nodes (pseudo-axillary) or sometimes several at the nodes but then these actually borne on very reduced axillary shoots; pedicels slender, 0.5–3 cm. long, glabrous or scabridulous.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.8 mm. tall, 1.5 mm. wide, bowl-shaped, glabrous or with scattered very short hairs; lobes 1–1.8 mm. long, triangular, acuminate at the apex, glabrous or sparsely scabridulous.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, sometimes tinged pink or purple; tube 1 mm. long, glabrous inside; lobes 1–2 mm. long, triangular.
    Pistil
    Style slightly longer than the tube; stigma lobes 0.7–1.4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2.2–3 mm. tall including the 1 mm. tall beak, 3.2–5 mm. wide, depressed subglobose, grooved at the middle.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, angular, 0.3–0.4 mm. long, strongly reticulate.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Perennial (rarely annual) straggling or prostrate herb, often much branched near the base into almost simple stems, (5–)20–60(–90) cm. long, which sometimes root at the nodes, glabrous or in some variants scabridulous when young; sometimes forming loose mats.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to linear-lanceolate, less often elliptic or lanceolate, 1–6 cm. long, 0.2–1.2 cm. wide, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, scabridulous above near the margins, glabrous beneath or with midvein scabridulous; petioles not developed, very short and adnate to the stipule sheath which is 1 mm. long and bears 2–5 linear fimbriae 1.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous, often solitary at the nodes (pseudo-axillary) or sometimes several at the nodes but then these actually borne on very reduced axillary shoots; pedicels slender, 0.5–3 cm. long, glabrous or scabridulous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube bowl-shaped, 0.8 mm. tall, 1.5 mm. wide, glabrous or with scattered very short hairs; lobes triangular, 1–1.8 mm. long, acuminate at the apex, glabrous or sparsely scabridulous.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, sometimes tinged pink or purple; tube 1 mm. long, glabrous inside; lobes triangular, 1–2 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style slightly longer than the tube; stigma-lobes 0.7–1.4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule depressed subglobose, 2.2–3 mm. tall including the 1 mm. tall beak, 3.2–5 mm. wide, grooved at the middle.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, angular, 0.3–0.4 mm. long, strongly reticulate.
    Distribution
    Widespread in tropical Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia, thence to Transvaal and Angolaalso introduced into S. America and West Indies
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Prostrate or straggling, branched near the base and branches almost simple, 1-2 ft. long
    Flowers
    Flowers white, sometimes pale pink or mauve
    Ecology
    In moist places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Oldenlandia lancifolia (Schumach.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 28, 2008 Kayombo, C.J. [3142], Tanzania K000265252
    Nov 28, 2008 Gereau, R.E. et al. [6351], Tanzania K000265251
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000006508
    Anton-Smith, J. [273], Gabon K000771361
    Anton-Smith, J. [273], Gabon K000173379
    Edwards, P.J. [2548], Brazil K001136492
    Ratter, J.A. [5395], Brazil K001136493
    Ule, E. [5023], Brazil K001136496
    Ule, E. [5494/b], Brazil K001136501
    Kuhlmann, M. [113], Brazil K001136498
    Burchell, W.J. [9530], Brazil K001136494
    Pires, J.M. [52440], Brazil K001136499
    Prance, G.T. [8687], Brazil K001136473
    Prance, G.T. [2943], Brazil K001136474
    Prance, G.T. [12019], Brazil K001136500
    Cavalcante, P. [2588], Brazil K001136497
    Hamilton, W.D. [237], Brazil K001136472
    Burchell [9338], Brazil K001136856
    Spruce, R. [2372], Brazil K001136495

    First published in Prodr. 4: 425 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Terrell, E.E. & Robinson, H. (2006). Taxonomy of North American species of Oldenlandia (Rubiaceae) Sida 22: 305-329.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 78.
    • Bremek. in Verb. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., sect. 2, 48: 230 (1952), incl. var. grandiflora Bremek., var. microcarpa Bremek., var. scabridula Bremek., var. longipes Bremek
    • Chev. Bot. 312, partly (excl. Chev. 2116)
    • F.T.A. 3: 61
    • Prod. 4: 425 (1830)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • Terrell, E.E. & Robinson, H. (2006). Taxonomy of North American species of Oldenlandia (Rubiaceae) Sida 22: 305-329.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 400 (1974).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 212 (1963).
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48(2): 230 (1952).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 375 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 61 (1877).
    • DC., Prodr. 4: 425 (1830).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0