1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia pumila (L.f.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India to Jawa.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual herb, much branched at the base; stems mostly prostrate, 3–17 cm. long, scabridulous on the ribs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 0.5–1.6(–3) cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide, acute at the apex, narrowed to the base, minutely sparsely scabrid-setulose above, distinctly scabridulous on the margins, ± glabrous beneath; petioles not developed; stipule-sheath 0.5–2 mm. long, produced at the middle, with 3–5 unequal fimbriae up to 0.8(–1.2) mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous, usually solitary at the nodes, rarely apparently in terminal pedunculate 2–3-flowered cymes, or in axillary 2-flowered cymes; peduncle 3–9 mm. long; pedicels ± 2–3 mm. long, lengthening to 1.1(–1.9) cm. in fruit, sometimes minutely scabridulous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ellipsoid to subglobose, ± 1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 1–1.2(–3) mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide, minutely setulose on the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube 1 mm. long; lobes ovate, 0.6–0.7 mm. long and wide.
    Pistil
    Style 0.8–1 mm. long, hairy; stigma-lobes 0.7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong-ovoid, usually distinctly taller than wide, ± 2–3 mm. long, 1.5–2.2 (–2.8) mm. wide, beak 0.2–0.7 mm. tall.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, obtusely broadly conic or ellipsoid, ± 0.3 mm. long, strongly reticulate.
    Figures
    Fig. 41/32, p. 271.
    Habitat
    Dried black cotton soil along lake shores (but unknown for Tanzania specimen); 480–990 m.
    Distribution
    T6 U2 an Asian species (India, Indo-China, W. part of Malesia) introduced into Africa and also found as a weed in Jamaica

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Christmas I., Fiji, Jamaica, Tanzania, Uganda

    Oldenlandia pumila (L.f.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123274
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123275
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123276
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123277
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200], India Hedyotis pumila K001123278
    Griffith [2912], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173185
    Griffith [s.n.], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173183
    Wight [1308], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173184
    Wall cat [6200], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173186

    First published in Prodr. 4: 425 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 250 (1952).
    • DC., Prodr. 4: 425 (1830).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0