1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oldenlandia L.
      1. Oldenlandia rupicola (Sond.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial procumbent usually mat-forming herb, with glabrous to hairy much-branched stems often rooting at the nodes, or scrambling to suberect, 0.8–1.4 m. long, or prostrate with erect flowering shoots (2.5)7–10 cm. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 0.3–1.2(3.7) cm. x 3–9(19) mm., elliptic-ovate to ovate, acute at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, sometimes rather thick, scabridulous to hairy above, glabrous beneath or sometimes slightly hairy near the margin, rarely pubescent on midrib; petiole 0.5–2(5) mm. long, glabrous to sparsely hairy; stipule sheath 0.5–1 mm. long, glabrous to sparsely hairy, with 5–7 lobes 1–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous in terminal triads or few- to several-flowered cymes, less often solitary; peduncle 0–1.5(2) cm. long; pedicels 0.5–2.5(7) mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 1–1.5 mm. long, obconic, glabrous, hairy or with sparse to dense subglobose papillae, sometimes purple-tipped; lobes 1–4 x 0.7–1 mm., usually broadly triangular, less often ovate or lanceolate, keeled, glabrous or sometimes hairy on the midvein and margins, free or connate at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pale blue, lilac or pink; tube 2–7(10) mm. long, hairy in the throat; lobes 1.5–5.5 x 1.2–2.5 mm., triangular to oblong-lanceolate, hairy inside.
    Pistil
    Style 2–3(6) mm. long in short-styled forms, 5–8(12) mm. long in long-styled forms; stigma lobes 0.3–0.7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2–2.5 x 2.2–3 mm., subglobose, glabrous, papillate or hairy, beak slightly raised.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish, c. 0.5(0.8) mm. long, elliptic, flat on one side, somewhat conically raised on the other, strongly reticulate.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Perennial procumbent usually mat-forming herb, with glabrous to hairy much-branched stems often rooting at the nodes, 8–45 cm. long, or prostrate with erect flowering shoots (2.5–)7–10 cm. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic-ovate to ovate, 0.3–1.2(–3.7) cm. long, 3–9(–19) mm. wide, acute at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, sometimes rather thick, scabridulous to hairy above, glabrous beneath or sometimes slightly hairy near the margin; petiole 0.5–2(–5) mm. long, glabrous to sparsely hairy; stipule-sheath 0.5–1 mm. long, glabrous to sparsely hairy, with 5–7 lobes 1–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous in terminal triads or few- to several-flowered cymes, less often solitary; peduncle 0–1.5(–2) cm. long; pedicels 0.5–2.5(–7) mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obconic, 1–1.5 mm. long, glabrous, hairy or with sparse to dense subglobose papillae, sometimes purple-tipped; lobes usually broadly triangular, less often ovate or lanceolate, 1–4 mm. long, 0.7–1 mm. wide, keeled, glabrous or sometimes hairy on the midvein and margins, free or connate at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pale blue, lilac or pink; tube 2–7(–10) mm. long, hairy in the throat; lobes triangular to oblong-lanceolate, 1.5–5.5 mm. long, 1.2–2 mm. wide, hairy inside.
    Pistil
    Style 2–3(–6) mm. long in short-styled forms, 5–8(–12) mm. long in long-styled forms; stigma-lobes 0.3–0.7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 2–2.5 mm. long, 2.2–3 mm. wide, glabrous, papillate or hairy, beak slightly raised.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish, elliptic, ± 0.5(–0.8) mm. long, flat on one side, somewhat conically raised on the other, strongly reticulate.
    Figures
    Fig. 40/8, p. 270.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Oldenlandia rupicola (Sond.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 28, 2008 Luke, P.A. et al. [8502], Tanzania K000265247
    Nov 28, 2008 Marshall, A.R. [WK388], Tanzania K000265249
    Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K000414304
    Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K000414305
    Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K000414306
    Gerrard [1364], South Africa K000414274 Unknown type material
    Gerrard [1364], South Africa K000414275

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 293 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 208 (1952).
    • O. Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 293 (1891).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0