1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Palicourea Aubl.
      1. Palicourea violacea (Aubl.) A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to S. Tropical America and Grenada, Jamaica.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1350 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Subarbusto, arbusto, arbolito, árbol
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Palicourea violacea (Aubl.) A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schomburgk, R. [415], Guyana Psychotria capitata subsp. inundata K000174335 holotype
    Schomburgk, R. [27], Guyana Psychotria capitata subsp. inundata K000174334 holotype
    Schomburgk, R. [s.n.], Guyana Psychotria capitata subsp. inundata K000174336 holotype
    Lehmann, F.C. [B.T.970], Colombia Psychotria setifera K000432949
    Trail, J.W.H. [416], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197618
    Trail, J.W.H. [416], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197623
    Milliken, W. [230], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197617
    Ule, E. [8769], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197619
    Ule, E. [8769], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197620
    Ferreira, L.V. [159], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197615
    Coomes, D. [s.n.], Venezuela Psychotria inundata K001197616
    Spruce, R. [3191], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197621
    Spruce, R. [478], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197622
    Spruce, R. [3191], Brazil Psychotria inundata K001197624
    Jan 1, 2003 Almeida, K. [92], Brazil Psychotria capitata K000265228
    Apr 27, 2001 da Silva, E.S. [51], Brazil Psychotria capitata K000265233
    Jun 20, 2000 da Silva, E.S. [21], Brazil Psychotria capitata K000265231
    Jun 20, 2000 da Silva, E.S. [15], Brazil Psychotria capitata K000265232
    Jun 18, 2000 Rodal, M.J.N. [763], Brazil Psychotria capitata K000265183
    Jun 17, 2000 Nascimento, L.M. [285], Brazil Psychotria capitata K000265153
    Jan 1, 2000 Stevenson, N.S. [10683], Belize Psychotria capitata K000174170 isotype
    Philcox, D. [3260], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199290
    Souza, V.C. [2103], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199282
    Sakuragui, C.M. [CFCR 15329], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199283
    Pirani, J.R. [5056], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199294
    Lemos, M.J.S. [107], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199292
    Campos, M.T.V.A. [13538], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199259
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8037], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199260
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8407], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199287
    Forzza, R.C. [1450], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199284
    Forzza, R.C. [3011], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199293
    Prance, G.T. [15125], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199289
    Prance, G.T. [15170], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199291
    Todzia, C. [2285], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199288
    Delprete, P.G. [9687], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199261
    Souza, S.A.M. [277], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199315
    Krieger, L. [7410], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199285
    Árbocz, G.F. [3053], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199286
    Galvão, C. [494], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199263
    Chaves, E. [77], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199277
    Chaves, E. [211], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199278
    Chaves, E. [144], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199279
    Chaves, E. [91], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199280
    Chaves, E. [95], Brazil Psychotria capitata K001199281
    Fendler, A. [62], Panama Psychotria albonervia K000432858 Unknown type material

    First published in Mém. Rubiac.: 95 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Berger, A. (2018). Synopsis and typification of Mexican and Central American Palicourea (Rubiaceae: Palicoureeae), part I: The entomophilous species Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 120: 59-140.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Psychotria capitata subsp. amplifolia.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/