1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Polysphaeria Hook.f.
      1. Polysphaeria multiflora Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Mozambique, Comoros, Aldabra.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1–3(4.5) m tall, occasionally weak and almost trailing.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous, the bark peeling in long strips on older stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–11.5(15.5) × 1–4.2(4.7) cm, elliptic, oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, ± acute, the actual apex ± obtuse, less often acuminate (in some cultivated specimens), cuneate to subcordate at the base, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, often with pale minute white specks particularly near the midrib above; petiole 5–9 mm long; stipules 2.5–4 mm long, triangular, keeled, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile or practically so, the two opposite together forming a globose cluster up to 1.5 cm in diameter, or peduncles up to 4 mm long in one variant; components quite glabrous outside or almost imperceptibly puberulous; bracteoles cupular, tightly surrounding the calyx base, c. 1 mm tall.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5(2) mm long, shallowly cup-shaped, glabrous outside or imperceptibly puberulous or in one variant silky pubescent, glabrescent to densely pubescent inside, often with pale marks outside, usually truncate, sometimes undulate or faintly toothed or becoming lacerate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube (2)4 mm long, glabrous outside or appressed puberulous in one variant, densely white hairy at the throat; lobes 1.5–2 mm long and wide, ovate.
    Style
    Style densely white hairy.
    Disc
    Disk prominent.
    Fruits
    Fruits 7–9 mm in diameter, globose, glabrous, ± white-dotted, somewhat didymous.
    Seeds
    Seeds about 6 × 4 mm, ± semiglobose.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1–3(–4.5) m. tall, occasionally weak and almost trailing; stems glabrous, the bark peeling in long strips on older stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic, oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, 2–11.5(–19) cm. long, 1–4.2 (–4.5) cm. wide, ± acute, the actual apex± obtuse, less often acuminate (in some cultivated specimens), cuneate to subcordate at the base, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, often with pale minute white specks particularly near the midrib above; petiole 5–9 mm. long; stipules triangular, 2.5–4 mm. long, keeled, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile or practically so, the two opposite together forming a globose cluster up to 1.5 cm. diameter or peduncles up to 4 mm. long in one variant; components quite glabrous outside or almost imperceptibly puberulous; bracteoles cupular, tightly surrounding the calyx-base, ± 1 mm. tall.
    Calyx
    Calyx shallowly cup-shaped, 1.5(–2) mm. long, glabrous outside or imperceptibly puberulous or in one variant silky pubescent, glabrescent to densely pubescent inside, often with pale marks outside, usually truncate, sometimes undulate or faintly toothed or becoming lacerate.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweetly scented; corolla white; tube (2–)4 mm. long, glabrous outside or adpressed puberulous in one variant, densely white hairy at the throat; lobes ovate, 1.5–2 mm. long and wide.
    Style
    Style densely white hairy; disc prominent.
    Fruits
    Fruits globose, 7–9 mm. diameter, glabrous, ± white-dotted, somewhat didymous.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± semiglobose, ± 6 mm. long, 4 mm. wide.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Comoros, Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania

    Introduced into:

    Réunion

    Polysphaeria multiflora Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1978 Holst, C. [2834a], Tanzania K000419946
    Jun 1, 1978 Boivin, L.-H. [3175], Comoros K000033354 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1978 Tanzania K000419945 syntype
    Faulkner, H. [2312], Tanzania 6288.000
    Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000419934 syntype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 127 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 35: 125, t.2A–C (1980).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 463 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 520 (1949).
    • K. Schum in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 383 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 127 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0