1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Polysphaeria Hook.f.
      1. Polysphaeria parvifolia Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 0.6–9(–?12) m. tall but probably rarely over 3.5 m.; stems slender, glabrous or more often shortly pubescent; bark reddish brown, peeling in long strips on the older stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades oblong, elliptic, ovate-elliptic or sometimes ovate or almost round, 0.4–9(–11) cm. long, 0.4–4.5(–4.7) cm. wide, subacute to acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded or truncate at the base or in the case of leaves supporting lateral branchlets often subcordate to distinctly cordate, glabrous to distinctly pubescent or coarsely hairy particularly beneath; occasionally there are some pairs of very small leaves; petiole 3–5 mm. long, glabrous or more usually pubescent; stipules 1 mm. long with apiculum 1 mm. long, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile or rarely peduncles up to 2.5 mm. long, the opposite parts usuallyjoined to form a globose cluster at the node; paired basal bracts ovate-triangular, 3 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, acuminate; secondary bracts triangular, 1.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, each pair supporting 3 triads of flowers each with another set of bracts; main bracteoles at base of calyx joined to form a 2–3-lobed cup.
    Flowers
    Flowers practically scentless (Palways).
    Calyx
    Calyx mostly with spreading white hairs; tube ± 0.5 mm. long, limb-tube about equal with distinct triangular teeth ± the same length.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or tube sometimes greenish, usually densely spreading pubescent, less often glabrous or glabrescent; tube funnel-shaped, 3–4.5 mm. long, sometimes constricted near the base; lobes ovate, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1.3 mm. wide.
    Style
    Style densely white hairy.
    Fruits
    Fruits globose, red or orange-red, 7–10 mm. diameter, glabrous or slightly pubescent.
    Figures
    Fig.95.
    Habitat
    Rather dry evergreen forest, woodland, coastal bushland and scrub, old sisal plantations, cultivations, etc.; 0–500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7 P T1 T3 T6 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania

    Polysphaeria parvifolia Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [38], Tanzania K000419947 syntype
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1181], Tanzania K000419948 syntype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 128 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 35: 117, fig.5 (1980).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 464 (1961).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 459 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 520 (1949).
    • K. Schum in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 383 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 128 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0