1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Adenium Roem. & Schult.
      1. Adenium oleifolium Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Succulent shrublet up to 40 cm. high, forming a dense mass of rather fleshy leaves and stems, with a subterraneous carrot-like very bitter-tasting rootstock 50–80 x 15–30 cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile; lamina linear to very narrowly obovate, 8·8–16·7(21·2) times as long as wide, 4·5–14·6 x 0·3–1·4 cm., acute and apiculate, above shiny, glaucous or pale green, and pubescent to glabrous, beneath dull, slightly paler green and pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 0·5–1 x 0·5–1 cm.; bracts narrowly oblong, 3–4 x 1–1·5 mm.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels densely pubescent to pilose, 5–8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly oblong to narrowly ovate, 6·5–9(12) x 3·0–4·0 mm., outside densely pubescent to pilose pubescent inside.
    Corolla
    Corolla bright scarlet or red to pink; tube yellowish especially towards the base, 5–6·9(8·2) times as long as the calyx, 4–6·6 x 0·9–1·4 cm., pubescent outside, only at the extreme base nearly glabrous, puberulous inside, somewhat velutinous on the main veins; narrow basal portion (1)1·5–2 times as long as the calyx, (0·8)1·2–1·7 x 0·3–0·5 cm.; lobes bright scarlet to red, obovate, 1·4–2·8 x 0·8–1·8 cm., apiculate and undulate, sparsely and minutely pubescent outside, puberulous inside, with a puberulous scale at the base, 3 x 1·5 cm.
    Stamens
    Stamens barely included or slightly exserted, free portion of filament hispid outside, pilose to lanate inside; anther 5·5–6(8) x 1–1·5 mm., hispid outside, cells 2–3·5 x 1 mm.; appendages 2·5–3·1 times as long as the anthers, hispid.
    Pistil
    Pistil 13·5–21·5 mm. long; ovary glabrous or sometimes with appressed stiff hairs or puberulous; carpels 1–2 x 1–1·5 x 1–2 mm.; style 11·5–19 x 0·5 mm.; clavuncula 1·5–2 x 1–1·5 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit pale grey to pale grey-brown, 10–11·5 x 1 cm.
    Seeds
    Seed very pale brown, pubescent, 1–1·5 x 0·2 cm., with tufts of dirty white hairs 2–3·5 cm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Namibia, Northern Provinces

    Adenium oleifolium Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1980 Leach, L.C. [237], Botswana K000057578
    Jan 1, 1980 Hardy, D.S. [1207], South Africa K000057586
    Jan 1, 1980 Leistner, O.A. [2243], South Africa K000057585
    Jan 1, 1980 Lugard, E.J. [269], Botswana K000057579 holotype
    Jan 1, 1980 Pole-Evans, I.B. [s.n.], South Africa K000057581
    Jan 1, 1980 Holub, E. [s.n.], Botswana K000057583 paratype
    Jan 1, 1980 Todd [23], South Africa K000057582 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1980 Yalala, A.M. [287], Botswana K000057577
    Jan 1, 1980 Merxmueller, H. [729], South Africa K000057584
    Jan 1, 1980 Werger, M.J.A. [1636], South Africa K000057590
    Jan 1, 1980 Shomcroft, G. [1133], South Africa K000057580
    Jan 1, 1980 Borcherds, W.M. [2598], South Africa K000057587 isotype
    Jan 1, 1977 Hansen, O.J. [3290], Botswana K000057576

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 53 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia Strelitzia 34: 1-158. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0