1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Adenium Roem. & Schult.
      1. Adenium swazicum Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

    Habit
    Succulent shrub, 0·2–0·7 m. tall with a carrot-like tuber up to 1 m. in diam. with poisonous clear latex.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; petiole 1–4 mm. long; lamina oblong to narrowly oblong, 3·5–9·1 times as long as wide, 4–11·5 x 0·5–3·1 cm., rounded and apiculate to mucronate, rarely emarginate, above pubescent, especially the midrib; secondary veins more or less inconspicuous, beneath pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1·5–3·5 x 1–2·5 cm.; bracts narrowly oblong to narrowly ovate, 3–10 x 2 mm.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 6–10(15) mm. long, tinged with pink or red.
    Calyx
    Calyx crimson or pink to green, narrowly oblong to narrowly ovate, 7–11 x 1·5–3 mm., pubescent outside, appressed-pubescent inside, especially towards the apex.
    Corolla
    Corolla crimson, deep mauve or pink to white; tube crimson to white, 2·2–3·5(4) times as long as the calyx, 2–3 x (0·6)1–1·3(1·9) cm., outside pubescent, only at the very base nearly glabrous, glabrescent inside; narrow basal portion 0·6–1 times as long as the calyx, 0·5–0·9 x 0·2–0·4 cm.; lobes deep mauve to white, obovate, 1·3–2·5(3·5) x 1–2 cm., apiculate, slightly undulate, both sides puberulous; a glabrous scale at the base (2)2·5 x 1·5 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamens included; free part of filament glabrous outside, lanate inside; anther 5–6·5 x 1–1·5 mm., hispid outside; cells 2–3 x 1 mm.; appendages (1·2)1·5–2 times as long as the anther, hispid.
    Pistil
    Pistil 9–11·5 mm. long; ovary glabrous or puberulous to sericeous; carpels 1·5–2·5 x 1–1·5 x 1–2·5 mm.; style 5·5–7(9·5) x 0·5 mm.; clavuncula 1–1·5 x 0·5–1 mm.
    Fruits
    Follicle grey-brown, 16x1 cm.
    Seeds
    Seed pale-brown, glabrous, 1·2–1·4 x 0·3 cm., comas dirty white, 2·8–3·5 cm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Adenium swazicum Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1980 Rathbone [6208], Swaziland K000234116
    K000234117
    Hutchinson, J. [2544], South Africa K000483328
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4018], South Africa K000483327
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4018], South Africa K000483329
    Rodin, R.J. [4536], Swaziland K000483324
    Schijff, H.P. van der [2558], South Africa K000483326
    Throncroft, H.G. [16], South Africa K000483325

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 53 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0