1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rothmannia Thunb.
      1. Rothmannia fischeri (K.Schum.) Bullock ex Oberm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 3.4–8 m. tall; young branches glabrous, often with grey or fawn bark, which flakes off to reveal rusty coloured underlayer.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous, often drying blackish; blades narrowly to broadly elliptic or narrowly obovate to obovate, 2–11(–14) cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, obtuse to acute or acuminate at apex, acute to cuneate or sometimes obtuse at base, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, shiny above; domatia present as glabrous to pubescent pits; petiole 0.1–1 cm. long; stipules triangular, 1–6 mm. long, acuminate, eventually caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary; peduncle very abbreviated; pedicel 1–4 mm. long; bracteoles small, scale-like.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous; tube 3–7 mm. long; limb-tube 0.4–1.1 cm. long, smooth or occasionally slightly 5-ribbed, often splitting for 1/3 the length; lobes absent or filiform to subulate, rarely linear, up to 1.5 (–1.8) cm. long, triangular at base and not clearly separated by sinuses.
    Corolla
    Corolla cream with red or purple spots at the throat; tube funnel-shaped or narrowly cylindrical below then funnel-shaped or less often campanulate above, (3–)4.5–8 cm. long, 1–3 cm. wide at top, glabrous to glabrescent outside; lobes overlapping to right in bud, ovate or lanceolate, 1.3–3.5 cm. long, 0.7–2 cm. wide, acute to subacuminate or sometimes acuminate.
    Anthers
    Anthers ± 2/3 exserted, 1.5–2.5 cm. long.
    Pistil
    Style 3–7.7 cm. long; stigma exserted, 1.3–1.7 cm. long, ± 3 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Fruit green with pale green spots, blackish when dry, spherical, or somewhat pear-shaped (not in Flora area), 3–6.2 cm. in diameter, glabrous, smooth; calyx-limb deciduous leaving a pale pentagonal scar.
    Seeds
    Seeds brownish, 6–7 mm. long, ± 4 mm. wide and 2–3 mm. thick.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 3.4–8 m tall; young branches glabrous, often with grey or fawn bark which flakes off when older to reveal the rusty underlayer.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous, often turning blackish when dry; blades 2–11 × 1–6 cm, narrowly to broadly elliptic or narrowly obovate to obovate, obtuse to acute or acuminate at apex, acute to cuneate or sometimes obtuse at base, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, glabrous or rarely pubescent beneath, moderately shiny to shiny above; domatia present as glabrous to pubescent pits, sometimes visible as blisters on upper surface; petioles 1–10 mm long; stipules 1–6 mm long, triangular, acuminate, but acumen not or scarcely decurrent, eventually caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary; peduncle very abbreviated; pedicel 1–2 mm long; bracteoles resembling reduced stipules.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous; tube 3–7 mm long; limb-tube 4–11 mm long, sometimes slightly 5-ribbed, often splitting, truncate or lobed; lobes up to 15(18) mm long, filiform to subulate or occasionally linear, triangular at the base and not clearly separated by sinuses.
    Corolla
    Corolla cream-coloured with scattered red to purple spots at the throat, usually extending to base of lobes, glabrous outside; tube (3)4.5–8 cm long, 1–3 cm wide at top; gradually funnel- shaped or narrowly cylindrical at base then abruptly funnel-shaped to campanulate above; lobes 1.3–3.5 × 0.7–2 cm, ovate to broadly lanceolate, acute to subacuminate or sometimes acuminate, overlapping to the right in bud.
    Anthers
    Anthers 1.75–2.5 cm long, ± one third exserted.
    Style
    Style 3–7.7 cm long.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1.3–1.7 × c. 0.3 cm, exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit 3–6.2 cm in diameter, spherical or sometimes slightly pear-shaped, glabrous, with a pentangular scar at apex, green with pale green spots, blackish when dry.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6–7 × c. 4 × 2–3 mm, brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rothmannia fischeri (K.Schum.) Bullock ex Oberm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fischer [318], Tanzania K000414841
    Waller, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000414839
    Harris, T. [512], Malawi K000614590

    First published in Ann. Transvaal Mus. 17: 224 (1937)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 39: 68 fig. 1A (1984).
    • Coates Palgrave, Trees of S. Afr.: 859 (1977).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 419 (1962).
    • Keay in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 28: 50 (1958), pro parte.
    • Bullock in Oberm. in Ann. Transv. Mus. 17: 224 (1937).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0