1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rothmannia Thunb.
      1. Rothmannia urcelliformis (Hiern) Bullock ex Robyns

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree (1–2.5) 4–8.5(10–15) m tall; young stems slender, rusty pubescent or less often glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 5.7–18 × 1.2–10 cm, elliptic to obovate-elliptic, apex distinctly acuminate, base cuneate, glabrous or less often glabrescent (?or very rarely pubescent) above, glabrescent or less often glabrous or pubescent beneath with denser appressed hairs on the nerves; domatia present; petiole 4–11 mm long, glabrescent to pubescent; stipules 2–12(15) mm long, triangular, long-acuminate, rusty pubescent to glabrescent outside, caducous leaving a line of hairs above the scar.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary; peduncle very abbreviated; pedicel 3–7 mm long; bracteoles filiform.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely pubescent to pubescent; tube 3–6(11) mm long, 5-angled; limb-tube 6–23 mm long, slightly wider than the tube, usually splitting for ± half the length; lobes 3–20(27) mm long, 1.5–4 mm wide at base, linear.
    Corolla
    Corolla white to cream-coloured with dark brownish-red blotches, pubescent outside; tube 3–7.7 cm long, narrowly cylindrical below, funnel-shaped above, the funnel-shaped portion 1.8–5 cm long and 0.8–1.8 cm wide at the top, the cylindrical portion 0.3–0.8 cm wide, pubescent outside; lobes 1.2–4.5 × 0.8–1.8 cm, lanceolate, acuminate, sparsely to densely covered with short stiff hairs, overlapping to the right in bud.
    Anthers
    Anthers exserted for ± one third of their length, 0.6–2.3 cm long.
    Style
    Style 5–7.5 cm long, widening towards apex.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1.2–2.6 × c. 0.5 mm, exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2.5–7.6(?10.2) cm long, spherical to ellipsoid, sometimes slightly ribbed, glabrous, green, the calyx limb deciduous leaving a pale ± pentangular scar.
    Seeds
    Seeds up to 8 × 6 mm, blackish.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree, to 25 ft. or more high
    Corolla
    Corolla white, mottled purple within
    Ecology
    In forest.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree, (1–)4–8.5(–15) m. tall; young stems slender, rusty pubescent or less often glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves paired or occasionally ternate; blades elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 5.7–18 cm. long, 1.2–10 cm. wide, apex distinctly acuminate, base cuneate, glabrous or less often glabrescent (? or very rarely pubescent) above, glabrescent or less often glabrous or pubescent beneath with denser appressed hairs on the nerves; domatia present; petiole 0.4–1.1 cm. long, glabrescent to pubescent; stipules triangular, 0.2–1.2 (–1.5) cm. long, long-acuminate, rusty pubescent to glabrescent outside, caducous leaving a line of hairs above the scar.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary; peduncle very abbreviated; pedicel 3–7 mm. long; bracteoles filiform.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely to distinctly pubescent; tube 3–6(–11) mm. long, 5-angled; limb-tube 0.6–2.3 cm. long, slightly wider than the tube, usually splitting for ± half the length; lobes linear, 0.3–1.9(–2.7) cm. long, 1.5–4 mm. wide at base.
    Corolla
    Corolla white to cream with dark brownish-red blotches, pubescent outside; tube narrowly cylindrical below, funnel-shaped above, 3.1–7.7 cm. long, the funnel-shaped portion 1.8–5.1 cm. long, 0.8–1.8 cm. wide at top, 0.3–0.8 cm. wide at base, pubescent outside; lobes overlapping to right in bud, lanceolate, 1.2–4.5 cm. long, 0.8–1.8 cm. wide, acuminate, sparsely to densely covered with short stiff hairs.
    Anthers
    Anthers exserted for 1/3 their length, 0.6–2.3 cm. long.
    Pistil
    Style 5–7.5 cm. long, widening towards apex; stigma exserted, 1.2–2.6 cm. long, ± 5 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Fruit green, spherical to ellipsoid, 2.5–7.6(?–10.2) cm. long, sometimes slightly ribbed, glabrous, the calyx-limb deciduous leaving a pale ± pentagonal scar.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish, up to 8 mm. long, 6 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Forest; 850–1675(–2400) m.
    Distribution
    K3/K5 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 throughout W. tropical Africa, the Zaire Basin, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rothmannia urcelliformis (Hiern) Bullock ex Robyns appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2005 Gosline, G. [413], Cameroon K000337934
    Jun 1, 2005 Gosline, G. [413], Cameroon K000436289
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10520], Cameroon K000460208
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10459], Cameroon K000460119
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10520], Cameroon K000746544
    Dec 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1824], Cameroon K000746518
    Sep 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7526], Cameroon K000109850
    Sep 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7515], Cameroon K000109851
    Sep 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2797], Cameroon K000109846
    Sep 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3234], Cameroon K000109848
    Sep 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1519], Cameroon K000109844
    Sep 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1842], Cameroon K000109845
    Sep 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [923], Cameroon K000109847
    Sep 1, 2001 Elad, M. [98], Cameroon K000109849
    Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4543], Cameroon K000338757
    Jun 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [382], Cameroon K000338758
    Jan 1, 1996 Thomas, D.W. [9482], Cameroon K000540855
    Jan 1, 1996 Thomas, D.W. [9482], Cameroon K000540880
    Dec 1, 1994 Tekwe, C. [339], Cameroon K000540875
    Dec 1, 1994 Tekwe, C. [299], Cameroon K000540881
    Keay, R.W.J. [37238], Nigeria 23012.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [37291], Nigeria 6290.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [3034], Central African Republic K000414785
    Welwitsch [3098], Angola K000414835
    Welwitsch [3099], Angola K000414836
    Welwitsch [3100], Angola K000414837
    Harris, T. [565], Mozambique K000614157
    Patel, H. [7299], Mozambique K000545249
    Bally, P.R.O. Randia urcelliformis 6996.000

    First published in Fl. Spermatophyt. Parc Nat. Albert 2: 340 (1947)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv., ed. 2, 3: 278, t. 355,5-6.
    • Fl. Sperm. Parc Nat. Alb. 2: 340 (1947)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2,2: 125 (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 468, t. 28 (1961).
    • Keay in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 28: 51 (1958).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 340 (1947).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0