1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rutidea DC.
      1. Rutidea fuscescens Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to E. Zimbabwe.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Shrub or liane, 1–9 m high; young branches puberulous to finely pubescent, older branches with thin greyish bark, flaking to reveal red-brown underlayer; short, patent to backwardly-directed leaf-bearing or sometimes naked branches occasionally present.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 1.6–10.5(16) × 1.4–7 cm, elliptic to broadly elliptic, narrowly ovate to ovate or occasionally round in shape, acute to acuminate or occasionally obtuse to rounded and mucronulate at apex, obtuse to rounded, sometimes unequal and less often cordate at the base, shiny and glabrous or glabrescent above, sparsely pubescent to glabrescent with denser hairs on the nerves beneath; lateral nerves often impressed above; domatial hairy tufts present; petiole 0.8–1.5(2.5–3.5) cm long, puberulous to pubescent; stipule limb 1–2 mm long, oblong, puberulous to pubescent outside with lobe 4–12 mm long, linear to subulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous in terminal, ± hemispherical sessile panicles, 2–5.1 cm across, occasionally with an additional pair of lateral panicles from the leaf node below; lateral inflorescence branches 0.6–3 cm long, pubescent, usually one pair; pedicels up to 3 mm long, puberulous to pubescent; bracteoles up to 7 mm long, linear to subulate; bractlets present or absent on the pedicels, exceeding or shorter than the calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx puberulous to sparsely pubescent or glabrescent; tube 0.75–1 mm long; limb up to 0.75 mm long, ± truncate or with short triangular or subulate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla glabrous outside; tube (4)5–9 mm long; lobes 1.75–3 × 1–2 mm, broadly ovate, rounded at apex.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1–2 mm long, ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, well exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit 4.5–6 mm in diameter, glabrous, yellow to red.
    Seeds
    Seed 3–5 mm in diameter, minutely reticulate, blackish.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or liane, 1–9 m. high; branches occasionally short, patent to backwardly directed, leaf-bearing or sometimes naked, puberulous to finely pubescent when young; older branches with thin greyish bark, flaking to reveal red-brown underlayer.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades frequently drying dark brown or blackish, elliptic to broadly elliptic, narrowly ovate to ovate or occasionally round, 1.6–10.8(–16) cm. long, 1.4–6.7 cm. wide, acute to acuminate or occasionally obtuse to rounded and mucronulate at apex, obtuse to rounded, sometimes unequal and less often cordate at base, shiny and glabrous to glabrescent above, glabrescent to sparsely pubescent with denser hairs on the nerves beneath; lateral nerves often impressed above; domatial hairy tufts present; petiole 0.8–1.5(–3.5) cm. long, puberulous to pubescent; stipule-limb oblong, 1–2 mm. long, puberulous to pubescent outside; lobe linear to subulate, 4–12 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous in terminal, ± hemispherical sessile panicles, 2–5.1 cm. across, occasionally with an additional pair of lateral panicles from the leaf-node below; usually with one pair of lateral inflorescence-branches, 0.6–3 cm. long, pubescent; pedicels up to 3 mm. long, puberulous to pubescent; bracteoles linear to subulate, present or absent on the pedicels, exceeding or shorter than calyx, up to 7 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrescent, puberulous or sparsely pubescent; tube 0.75–1 mm. long; limb up to 0.75 mm. long, ± truncate or with short triangular or subulate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla glabrous outside; tube (4–)5–9 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide at top; lobes broadly ovate, 1.75–3 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, rounded at apex.
    Stigma
    Stigma ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, 1–2 mm. long, well exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow to red, 4.5–6 mm. in diameter, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed blackish, 3–5 mm. in diameter, minutely reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rutidea fuscescens Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Volkens, G. [1679] K000412152
    Timberlake, J. [5295], Mozambique K000614025

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 191 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 33: 275, (1978).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 419 (1962).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 528 (1949).
    • K. Schum in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 390 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 191 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0