1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rutidea DC.
      1. Rutidea olenotricha Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to South Sudan and Angola.

    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Scandent shrub
    Indumentum
    Dense velvety-brown indumentum
    Leaves
    Dark green shiny leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers white
    Fruits
    Fruits yellowish.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Climber, up to 12 m tall; young stems densely rusty-red tomentose; older stems with bark brown, eventually flaking off.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 5–16 × 2.5–10 cm, oblong-elliptic, broadly oblong-elliptic, sometimes rotund or narrowly to broadly obovate, obtuse to rounded (or often acute to subacuminate in West Africa) or occasionally emarginate, frequently apiculate at apex, rounded to subcordate or occasionally somewhat unequal at base, subcoriaceous or rarely chartaceous, glabrous or occasionally sparsely pubescent with midrib tomentose above, tomentose beneath, usually with nervation impressed above, often with revolute margins; domatia present as conspicuous tufts of rusty-red hair; petiole 0.5–3 cm long, tomentose; stipules 0.4–1.5 cm long, triangular at base then rather abruptly narrowing to a subulate lobe, tomentose outside.
    Flowers
    Flowers (4)5-merous in pyramidal panicles, sometimes with reduced leaves on rhachis, terminal but occasionally with an additional pair of panicles at first node; lateral inflorescence branches in 3–7 pairs, 0.5–5 cm long, tomentose; secondary inflorescence branches 0.3–1.5 cm long; short tertiary inflorescence branches sometimes present; pedicels absent; bracteoles on rhachis 5–8 mm long, usually with 2 lateral lobes, bracteoles on inflorescence head subulate or linear 2–3 mm long somewhat longer than calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely tomentose; tube 0.5–0.75 mm long; limb 0.75–1 mm long, divided into ovate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla covered with spreading hairs outside; tube 3.5–4.75 mm long; lobes 1.75–2.75 × 1–1.75 mm, oblong- ovate, obtuse to rounded.
    Style
    Style pubescent.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1.25–1.5 mm long, fusiform, well exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit 6–7 mm in diameter, glabrous to glabrescent, orange to red, often with whitish incrustations.
    Seeds
    Seed c. 5 mm in diameter, very finely reticulate, blackish.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Zambia, Zaïre

    Rutidea olenotricha Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11011], Cameroon K000673294
    Mar 1, 2010 Tadjouteu, F. [621], Cameroon K000673293
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [1865], Cameroon K000580002
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2829], Cameroon K000580008
    Jan 1, 1998 Sonké, B. [1171], Cameroon K000436649
    Jan 1, 1998 Ndam, N. [1151], Cameroon K000436958
    Jan 1, 1991 Nemba, J. [250], Cameroon K000109802
    Jan 1, 1991 Nemba, J. [294], Cameroon K000109803
    Matonchi, R. [2944], Zambia 8572.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [3398], Congo, DRC K000412162 syntype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 189 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 3: 189 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0