1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rutidea DC.
      1. Rutidea smithii Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Climber or shrub 1–7 m tall; young stems pubescent or less often puberulous or densely pubescent; older stems with brown or less often buff-coloured thin bark, flaking to reveal the red-brown underlayer.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 3.2–15 × 1.5–9.2 cm, elliptic to broadly elliptic, sometimes narrowly obovate or less often round, usually acuminate at the apex, cuneate, obtuse, rounded or cordate, sometimes tending to be unequal at the base, scarcely shiny, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or rarely scabrid with midrib pubescent above, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or less often pubescent with midrib and lateral nerves pubescent or rarely sparsely pubescent beneath; domatial hairy tufts usually present in axils of tertiary nerves; petiole 0.6–3 cm long, puberulous or pubescent; stipule with limb 1.5–2(4) mm long, oblong to shortly triangular, pubescent outside, the lobe 0.6–1.2 cm long, subulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5(6)-merous, in pyramidal often leafy panicles, terminal on main and on short lateral branches; inflorescence branches pubescent; pedicels 0–1 mm long and increasing to 5(7) mm long in fruit; bracteoles subulate, not exceeding the calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely or more often densely pubescent with greyish-white hairs; tube 0.75–1 mm long; limb 0.5–1.25 mm long, divided into ovate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla sparsely or densely covered with greyish- white hairs outside; tube (1.5–3)3.5–4(5) mm long; lobes (1.25)2–2.5(3) × 1–1.5(2) mm, ovate, rounded, usually with hairs towards the throat.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1–2.25 mm long, fusiform, well exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–7 mm in diameter, glabrous, yellow to orange.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4.25–5 mm in diameter, minutely reticulate, reddish-black.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Climber or shrub 1–7 m. tall; young branches pubescent or less often puberulous or densely pubescent, older branches with brown or less often buff thin bark, flaking to reveal the red-brown underlayer.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades usually drying blackish, elliptic to broadly elliptic, sometimes narrowly obovate or less often round, 3.2–15 cm. long, 1.5–9.2 cm. wide, usually acuminate at apex, cuneate, obtuse, rounded or cordate, sometimes tending to be unequal at base, scarcely shiny, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or rarely scabrid with midrib pubescent above, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or less often pubescent with midrib and lateral nerves pubescent or rarely sparsely pubescent beneath; domatial hairy tufts usually present in axils of tertiary nerves; petiole 0.6–3 cm. long, puberulous or pubescent; stipule-limb oblong to shortly triangular, 1.5–2(–4) mm. long, pubescent outside; lobe subulate, 0.6–1.2 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5(–6)-merous, in pyramidal, often leafy panicles, terminal on main and on short lateral branches; inflorescence-branches pubescent; pedicels 0–1 mm. long or lengthening to 5(–7) mm. long in fruit; bracteoles subulate, not exceeding the calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely or more often densely pubescent with greyish-white hairs; tube 0.75–1 mm. long; limb 0.5–1.25 mm. long, divided into ovate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla sparsely or densely covered with greyish-white hairs outside; tube (1.5–)3.5–4(–5) mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide at top; lobes ovate (1.25–)2–2.5(–3) mm. long, 1–1.5(–2) mm. wide, rounded, usually with hairs towards the throat.
    Stigma
    Stigma fusiform, 1–2.25 mm. long, well exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow to orange, 5–7 mm. in diameter, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish black, 4.25–5 mm. in diameter, minutely reticulate.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Ecology
    In secondary forest or forest margins.
    Habit
    Scandent shrub becoming a liane 20 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers whitish, strongly fragrant
    Fruits
    Fruits yellow-red

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Rutidea smithii Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5866], Cameroon K000086440
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8496], Nigeria 3334.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8907], Nigeria 3335.000
    Welwitsch [3168], Angola K000412146 syntype
    Welwitsch [3168], Angola K000412147
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [12298], Nigeria K000412175
    Zenker, G.A. [1611], Cameroon K000412160 isotype
    Smith, C. [s.n.], Congo K000412161

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 189 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 3: 189 (1877).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 33: 270, fig. 8A, B (1978).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 146 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 419 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 469 (1961).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 462 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 528 (1949).
    • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 491 (1898).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 189 (1877)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0