1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Stipularia P.Beauv.
      1. Stipularia africana P.Beauv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Erect herb or shrub 0.5–3 m tall with main stems woody at the base, up to 6 cm in diameter; young stems with bristly hairs but soon glabrous, the epidermis papery and peeling.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 10–34 × 4–15 cm, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, acute or very shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, very discolorous, ± glabrous and dark shiny green above, with a very dense but closely appressed felt of white or creamy-silky tomentum beneath save on main nerves, ± beige when dry; lateral nerves 15–22; petiole 1–10 cm long; stipules red, pale green suffused purple or brownish, 3–4 × 1.5–3.4 cm, ovate, acute, papery, persistent, usually bristly, pilose at the base, ciliate.
    Involucre
    Involucres ± red or greenish-pink, 2–4 cm long, glabrous or pilose near the base, densely bristly hairy inside at the base, the margins 3–4-lobed; bracteoles hairy inside.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube glabrous, but surrounded at base with stiff bristles, 3 mm long; limb-tube 4 mm long, pubescent; lobes 2–2.5 mm long, bristly pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, glabrous; tube (1.6)2.5–3 cm long; lobes 2–3 × 1.5 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamens projecting from the throat of short-styled flowers, deeply hidden in the tube in long-styled flowers.
    Pistil
    Style somewhat longer than corolla tube in long-styled flowers; stigma 3–5-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruits red or orange when ripe, 1.5–1.7 × 1.1–1.4 cm, with white or rose sweet pulp.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, c. 0.6 mm long, the testa finely reticulate.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Soft-stemmed shrub 3-8 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white, involucre reddish
    Fruits
    Fruits red
    Ecology
    In swamps and wet places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Zaïre

    Stipularia africana P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2017 Nannan [62], Zaïre K000414620 syntype

    First published in Fl. Oware 2: 26 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0