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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Moorochloa Veldkamp
      1. Moorochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Indo-China and Africa.


    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Loosely tufted annual; culms 10–60 cm. high, slender, geniculately ascending.
    Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 2–15 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, glabrous or pubescent.
    Inflorescence of 3–14 racemes on an axis 1–8 cm. long; racemes 0.5–2.5 cm. long, secund, bearing single spikelets imbricate on a triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets elliptic, 1.7–2.7 mm. long, pubescent (rarely glabrous or villous), subacute; lower glume a tiny scale 0.2–0.5 mm. long (up to 1/5 the length of the spikelet); upper lemma readily deciduous, smooth, shiny, obtuse.
    Damp grassland, particularly on black clays; 500–2200 m.
    South Africa to the Mediterraneaneastwards to India K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T7 U1 U4
    Annual; caespitose. Culms decumbent; slender; 10-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2-15 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-14; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 0.5-2.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-8 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 1.7-2.7 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 1.7-2.7 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.2-0.5 mm long; 0.1-0.2 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent, or villous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent, or villous; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.5-2.5 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, and China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern and northwestern. South America: Caribbean and southern South America.
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Loosely tufted annual.
    Culms 10–60 cm. high, geniculately ascending.
    Inflorescence of 3–14 racemes, these 0.5–2.5 cm. long, bearing single spikelets on a triquetrous rhachis, sometimes with a secondary racemlet at the base.
    Spikelets 1.7–3 mm. long, pubescent (very rarely glabrous), subacute.
    Inferior glume a tiny scale up to 1/5 length of spikelet.
    Inferior glume a tiny scale up to 1/5 length of spikelet.
    Superior floret readily deciduous, its lemma smooth, shiny and obtuse.
    Superior floret readily deciduous, its lemma smooth, shiny and obtuse.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Cuba, Fiji, France, Honduras, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, Mississippi, Missouri, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Windward Is.


    Other Data

    Moorochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 13, 1931 Wight [1616], India Brachiaria eruciformis K000245296 Unknown type material
    May 13, 1931 Wight [s.n.], India Brachiaria eruciformis K000958907
    Schimper [1855], Ethiopia Brachiaria eruciformis K000282204 isotype
    Schimper [1868], Ethiopia Brachiaria eruciformis K000282278
    Wood, J.M. [7456], South Africa Brachiaria eruciformis K000281970
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria eruciformis K000281971 isotype
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria eruciformis K000281969 isotype
    Duthie, J. F. [8529], Madhya Pradesh Brachiaria eruciformis K000245295 Unknown type material
    Bojer, W. [s.n.], Mauritius Brachiaria eruciformis K000805663 Unknown type material
    Aucher - Eloy - Herbier d'Orient [5437], Ethiopia Brachiaria eruciformis K000282205
    Heyne. [8693], India Brachiaria eruciformis K000245294 isotype


    First published in Reinwardtia 12: 139 (2004)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria eruciformis.]


    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
    • de Cordemoy, E.J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Réunion: 1-574. Librairie des sciences naturelles Paul Klincksieck, Paris.


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.