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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa burmanica (Bor) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 20-40 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheaths hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 3-5 cm long; 8-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes 3-5; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 0.5-5 cm long. Rhachis broadly winged; with sharp-edged midrib. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 1 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 1 mm long; bearing a few hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3.5 mm long; 1.5-1.75 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3.5 mm long; 1.5-1.75 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 2 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent; hairy generally. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 3.5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy generally; with tubercle-based hairs. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pilose; hairy generally; with tubercle-based hairs; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3 mm long; indurate; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Bor.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Myanmar

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa burmanica (Bor) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1950 U Thein Lwin [526], Burma Brachiaria burmanica K000245301 isotype
    Jan 1, 1950 U Thein Lwin [526], Burma Brachiaria burmanica K000245302 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Reinwardtia 12: 139 (2004)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria burmanica.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0