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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Fleshy perennial herb, with a large woody tuberous rootstock; stems 1–3, unbranched, to 30(–50) cm. high, glabrous or with bristly hairs to 1.5 mm. long especially towards the apex.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves obovate, to 12 × 6.5 cm., base tapering to a winged petiole to 5 mm. long, apex apiculate, midrib keeled beneath, lamina glabrous or with a few fleshy bristles towards the base, to sparsely pilose above and densely bristly with fleshy sometimes branched hairs beneath; stipules glandular, minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on peduncles to 9 cm. long, 1–4-forked, with cyme-branches to 2 cm. long, sparsely to densely covered with fleshy bristles 1–2 mm. long; bract-cup nodding, much longer and wider than the involucre, to 10 × 25 mm., notched to ± 1/3 between rounded apices and keeled toothed midribs, sparsely to densely aculeolate and scabrid, green with darker veining.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 6 × 6 mm., with barrel-shaped involucres, glabrous to minutely scabrid; glandular rim 1.5 mm. high, ± incurved; lobes subquadrate, ± 1.3 × 1.3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 3.8 mm. long. Female flower:styles 2.8 mm. long, scabrid, joined for ± 1/3, with ± thickened rugulose bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 3.8 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 2.8 mm. long, scabrid, joined for ± 1/3, with ± thickened rugulose bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel to 6 mm. long, ± 3-lobed, 5 × 5 mm., scabrid or with fleshy hairs to 1 mm. long especially when young.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, truncate at both ends, 3.2 × 1.8 mm., greyish brown, shallowly and densely tuberculate; caruncle pointed, stipitate, 1 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 103/1–3, p. 550.
Habitat
In sandy soils amongst grass in open deciduous bushland or Brachystegia woodland; 300–1825 m.
Distribution
T2 T3 T5 T6 T7

Native to:

Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Euphorbia echinulata (Stapf) Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Polhill, R. [1379], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 1254.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E.44], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 15814.000
Bally, P.R.O., Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 2634.000
Wright [85], Zambia Monadenium echinulatum 2635.000
Richards, H.M. [25798], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 37592.000
Bally, P.R.O. [11618], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 4178.000
Bally [244], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 43936.000
Bally [E 135], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 47156.000
Greenway, P.J. [11566], Tanzania Monadenium echinulatum 7147.000
Sanders, F. [s.n.] Monadenium echinulatum K000253467 holotype
Sanders, F. [s.n.] Monadenium echinulatum K000253468 holotype

First published in Taxon 55: 412 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0